Recent advances and potential future applications of MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry for identification of helminths

Sy, I. and Conrad, L. and Becker, S. L.. (2022) Recent advances and potential future applications of MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry for identification of helminths. Diagnostics (Basel), 12 (12). p. 3035.

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Helminth infections caused by nematodes, trematodes, and cestodes are major neglected tropical diseases and of great medical and veterinary relevance. At present, diagnosis of helminthic diseases is mainly based on microscopic observation of different parasite stages, but microscopy is associated with limited diagnostic accuracy. Against this background, recent studies described matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry as a potential, innovative tool for helminth identification and differentiation. MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry is based on the analysis of spectra profiles generated from protein extracts of a given pathogen. It requires an available spectra database containing reference spectra, also called main spectra profiles (MSPs), which are generated from well characterized specimens. At present, however, there are no commercially available databases for helminth identification using this approach. In this narrative review, we summarize recent developments and published studies between January 2019 and September 2022 that report on the use of MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry for helminths. Current challenges and future research needs are identified and briefly discussed.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
UniBasel Contributors:Becker, Sören Leif
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
ISSN:2075-4418 (Print)2075-4418 (Electronic)2075-4418 (Linking)
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:06 Jan 2023 08:31
Deposited On:06 Jan 2023 08:31

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