Presence and Flow in the Context of Virtual Reality Storytelling: What Influences Enjoyment in Virtual Environments?

Yang, Shuran and Zhang, Wenxiang. (2022) Presence and Flow in the Context of Virtual Reality Storytelling: What Influences Enjoyment in Virtual Environments? Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 25 (2). pp. 101-109.

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Virtual reality (VR) has widely been implemented in a variety of industries, with immersive storytelling now gaining popularity in the field of journalism. In this regard, there are many important questions about which direction modern journalism should take as a whole. To test the feasibility of immersive storytelling, this study developed a cognitive experience model containing paths for presence, flow, credibility, empathy, understanding, and enjoyment. A total of 131 participants were divided into three groups and exposed to either VR, 360-degree videos, or two-dimensional (2D) videos, then asked to rate their experiences. With the exception of understanding, results showed that the VR and 360-degree videos were more highly evaluated in each path when compared with 2D videos. In this case, technical attributes did not greatly affect the study variables. However, presence played a vital role in news promotion, while flow was positively affected by presence; flow also affected other variables when combined with presence. Finally, a structural equation model was tested and the weights of the different influences on the enjoyment impact were presented. In sum, this study found that immersive storytelling improved both presence, flow, and credibility, which jointly and positively affected enjoyment. Understanding negatively affected enjoyment. Empathy had little effect on enjoyment in the model.
Faculties and Departments:04 Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
UniBasel Contributors:Yang, Shuran
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Mary Ann Liebert
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:29 Dec 2022 13:38
Deposited On:29 Dec 2022 13:38

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