Guidelines for modeling and reporting health effects of climate change mitigation actions

Hess, J. J. and Ranadive, N. and Boyer, C. and Aleksandrowicz, L. and Anenberg, S. C. and Aunan, K. and Belesova, K. and Bell, M. L. and Bickersteth, S. and Bowen, K. and Burden, M. and Campbell-Lendrum, D. and Carlton, E. and Cissé, G. and Cohen, F. and Dai, H. and Dangour, A. D. and Dasgupta, P. and Frumkin, H. and Gong, P. and Gould, R. J. and Haines, A. and Hales, S. and Hamilton, I. and Hasegawa, T. and Hashizume, M. and Honda, Y. and Horton, D. E. and Karambelas, A. and Kim, H. and Kim, S. E. and Kinney, P. L. and Kone, I. and Knowlton, K. and Lelieveld, J. and Limaye, V. S. and Liu, Q. and Madaniyazi, L. and Martinez, M. E. and Mauzerall, D. L. and Milner, J. and Neville, T. and Nieuwenhuijsen, M. and Pachauri, S. and Perera, F. and Pineo, H. and Remais, J. V. and Saari, R. K. and Sampedro, J. and Scheelbeek, P. and Schwartz, J. and Shindell, D. and Shyamsundar, P. and Taylor, T. J. and Tonne, C. and Van Vuuren, D. and Wang, C. and Watts, N. and West, J. J. and Wilkinson, P. and Wood, S. A. and Woodcock, J. and Woodward, A. and Xie, Y. and Zhang, Y. and Ebi, K. L.. (2020) Guidelines for modeling and reporting health effects of climate change mitigation actions. Environmental health perspectives, 128 (11). p. 115001.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/91551/

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BACKGROUND: Modeling suggests that climate change mitigation actions can have substantial human health benefits that accrue quickly and locally. Documenting the benefits can help drive more ambitious and health-protective climate change mitigation actions; however, documenting the adverse health effects can help to avoid them. Estimating the health effects of mitigation (HEM) actions can help policy makers prioritize investments based not only on mitigation potential but also on expected health benefits. To date, however, the wide range of incompatible approaches taken to developing and reporting HEM estimates has limited their comparability and usefulness to policymakers. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this effort was to generate guidance for modeling studies on scoping, estimating, and reporting population health effects from climate change mitigation actions. METHODS: An expert panel of HEM researchers was recruited to participate in developing guidance for conducting HEM studies. The primary literature and a synthesis of HEM studies were provided to the panel. Panel members then participated in a modified Delphi exercise to identify areas of consensus regarding HEM estimation. Finally, the panel met to review and discuss consensus findings, resolve remaining differences, and generate guidance regarding conducting HEM studies. RESULTS: The panel generated a checklist of recommendations regarding stakeholder engagement: HEM modeling, including model structure, scope and scale, demographics, time horizons, counterfactuals, health response functions, and metrics; parameterization and reporting; approaches to uncertainty and sensitivity analysis; accounting for policy uptake; and discounting. DISCUSSION: This checklist provides guidance for conducting and reporting HEM estimates to make them more comparable and useful for policymakers. Harmonization of HEM estimates has the potential to lead to advances in and improved synthesis of policy-relevant research that can inform evidence-based decision making and practice. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP6745.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Eco System Health Sciences > Ecosystem Services, Climate & Health (Cissé)
UniBasel Contributors:Cissé, Guéladio
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Further Journal Contribution
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal item
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Last Modified:27 Dec 2022 18:08
Deposited On:27 Dec 2022 18:08

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