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Comorbidity and mixed anxiety-depressive disorder : clinical curiosity or pathophysiological need?

Wittchen, H.-U. and Schuster, P. and Lieb, R.. (2001) Comorbidity and mixed anxiety-depressive disorder : clinical curiosity or pathophysiological need? Human psychopharmacology, Vol. 16, Suppl. 1 , S21-S30.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5253546

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Abstract

The paper reviews available epidemiological evidence for the existence of and the implications of comorbidity of anxiety and depressive disorders and mixed anxiety-depressive (MAD) disorders. Using epidemiolological evidence of prevalence and incidence and data relating to time-course of illness, risk factor and outcome, it is concluded: (1) that anxiety-depression comorbidity is quite frequent in epidemiological and clinical settings throughout the world; (2) this comorbidity is diagnosis-specific and is associated with increased vulnerabilities and risks as well as poorer outcome and marked disabilities; and (3) no such evidence was found for MAD disorders. Contrary to what was predicted, the prevalence of MAD disorders was quite low even when using the more recent criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition. (4) Furthermore, there was quite a heterogeneous pattern in terms of risk, severity and outcome making it questionable whether this disorder, as currently defined, is a clinical entity. These findings are discussed in terms of two perspectives, the 'lumpers' with their dimensional view and the 'splitters' with their categorical view. It is concluded that although comorbidity of threshold anxiety and depressive disorders seems to be an important phenomenon, no such evidence is provided for MAD disorders.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Klinische Psychologie und Neurowissenschaften > Klinische Psychologie und Epidemiologie (Lieb)
UniBasel Contributors:Lieb, Roselind
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0885-6222
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:25
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:47

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