Greenspace exposure and cancer incidence: a 27-year follow-up of the French GAZEL cohort

Zare Sakhvidi, M. J. and Yang, J. and Siemiatycki, J. and Dadvand, P. and de Hoogh, K. and Vienneau, D. and Goldberg, M. and Zins, M. and Lequy, E. and Jacquemin, B.. (2021) Greenspace exposure and cancer incidence: a 27-year follow-up of the French GAZEL cohort. The science of the total environment, 787. p. 147553.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/89605/

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BACKGROUND: Greenspace exposure has been suggested to be associated with a range of health outcomes. The available evidence on the association of this exposure with cancer is still very scarce and inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study the association between greenspace exposure and all-site and site-specific (prostate, breast, colorectal, bladder, lung, and malignant melanoma of skin) cancer incidence in the GAZEL cohort. METHODS: This study was based on over 27 years of follow-up (1989-2016) of 19,408 participants across France. We assessed the residential greenspace exposure within several buffers as well as residential proximity to green spaces (agricultural, urban, and forests) in each follow-up. We used time-dependent Cox models, controlling for time-varying personal and area-level variables, with different lags between exposure and outcome. Additional analysis was conducted according to the urban-rural residence of the participants' over follow-up. RESULTS: Over the 294,645 person-years of follow-up, we registered 4075 incident cases of cancer. We found an increase in the risk for all-sites cancer with an inter-quartile range increase of Normalized Difference in Vegetation Index across different buffers (hazard ratio (HR) of 1.08; 95% CI: 1.02, 1.14 for the 100 m buffer). We found a positive association of all-sites cancer with proximity to agricultural lands (HR: 1.03; 95% CI: 1.00, 1.05), and forests (HR:1.04; 95% CI: 1.00, 1.07), but not with urban green spaces. The cancer site-specific analyses suggested a protective role of greenspace for breast, lung, and colorectal cancers (e.g. breast cancer HR at 100 m buffer: 0.82; 95% CI: 0.69, 0.99). Non-significant associations were observed for prostate, bladder, and skin cancer. Stratified analyses based on urban, semi-urban, and rural classification did not suggest any differential pattern. CONCLUSION: We identified an increased risk of all-site cancer with increased greenspace and proximity to agricultural lands and forests; whereas potential protective role of greenspace for breast cancer.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Environmental Exposures and Health Systems Research > Physical Hazards and Health (Röösli)
UniBasel Contributors:de Hoogh, Kees and Vienneau, Danielle
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:21 Dec 2022 12:57
Deposited On:21 Dec 2022 12:57

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