Comparison of a new IgG-EIA for the detection of anti-plasmodium antibodies with two currently used assays

Niederhauser, C. and Tinguely, C. and Dreier, J. and Vollmer, T. and Marti, H. and Nickel, B. and Klemens, J. M. and Warnecke, J. M. and Gowland, P.. (2021) Comparison of a new IgG-EIA for the detection of anti-plasmodium antibodies with two currently used assays. Transfus Med Hemother, 48 (5). pp. 265-271.

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Background: Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Plasmodium. As migration of populations from endemic areas to Europe and overseas recreational travel to endemic regions increase, there is also a growing risk of transfusion-transmitted tropi-cal diseases by blood components. Material and Methods: In the present study two routine Plasmodium spp. ELISA (CAPTIAtm Malaria EIA, Trinity Biotech, and Malaria EIA, Bio-Rad) were compared with a new commercial ELISA (ELISA IgG, EUROIMMUN). From December 1, 2015 until November 30, 2016, 1,096 plasma samples from blood donors with a potential risk of malaria infection were collected at two blood transfusion centres in Germany and Switzerland. Results: The samples were tested comparatively with the ELISA from EUROIMMUN and the routine test used at the respec-tive centre. Thirty-four of 595 (5.7%) tested blood samples from centre 1 and 49 of 501 (9.8%) tested blood samples from centre 2 showed reactivity on either or both ELISAs. All 83 reactive samples were sent for confirmation to the Diag-nostic Centre of the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) in Basel, Switzerland. Sixteen samples, which previously were reactive in the routine Plasmodiumspp. EIA assays, were proven positive after confirmation test-ing (i.e., 4 positive and 12 inconclusive results), indicating an anti-Plasmodium antibody prevalence in blood donations of 1.5%. From these 16 reactive samples, 13 were also detected by the index test, resulting in an assay sensitivity of 81.2%. A specificity of 98.6% was calculated (1,065/1,080 confirmed negative samples). The overall agreement with the reference centre was 95.8% in centre 1 and 94% in centre 2. Conclusion: The comparison of the new EUROIMMUN ELISA and the established CAPTIAtm Malaria EIA (Trinity Biotech) and Ma-laria EIA (BioRad) used for routine blood donor screening in two laboratory blood donation centres revealed that all test-ed ELISAs show comparable sensitivities and are equally suitable for anti-Plasmodium antibody screening in blood banks.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Medicine (MED) > Diagnostic (Nickel)
UniBasel Contributors:Marti, Hanspeter and Nickel, Beatrice
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:21 Dec 2022 09:37
Deposited On:21 Dec 2022 09:37

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