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Measurement of the breakup probability of pionium atoms in a nickel target with the DIRAC spectrometer

Schütz, Christian Peter. Measurement of the breakup probability of pionium atoms in a nickel target with the DIRAC spectrometer. 2004, Doctoral Thesis, University of Basel, Faculty of Science.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/diss/DissB_6772

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Abstract

The DIRAC Collaboration aims to determine the lifetime of the pionium atom, a π + π − bound state, by measuring the breakup probability of such a bound state. This breakup probability measurement with the DIRAC spectrometer at CERN searches for an excess of π + π − pairs from breakup at very low relative momenta (Q <MeV/c) on top of a dominant background coming from correlated and uncorrelated pion pair from the proton beam - target interaction. The number of found π + π − pairs from breakup can be put in relation to the number of produced atoms to yield the breakup probability. The number of produced atoms is related to the number of produced π + π − pairs with Coulomb final state interaction through the production process. The Nickel target data amounts to the biggest measured homogeneous sample recorded by the DIRAC collaboration, which translates into a small statistical error. Systematical influences are studied and shown to be not dominant. The measurement of the breakup probability and hence the determination of the lifetime of pionium allows to calculate the difference between the isoscalar and isotensor ππ scattering length using only quantum mechanics. This calculation can be used to cross check the predictions coming from Chiral Perturbation Theory.
Advisors:Tauscher, Ludwig
Committee Members:Nemenov, Leonid
Item Type:Thesis
Thesis Subtype:Doctoral Thesis
Thesis no:6772
Thesis status:Complete
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Number of Pages:155
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:23 Feb 2018 11:40
Deposited On:13 Feb 2009 14:48

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