Genome-wide Prediction of Regulators Shaping Chromatin State and Gene Expression

Kraemer, Anne Ilse. Genome-wide Prediction of Regulators Shaping Chromatin State and Gene Expression. 2022, Doctoral Thesis, University of Basel, Faculty of Science.


Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/88532/

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The process of gene regulation is a fascinating process. Investigated for years, still the scientific world lacks appropriate knowledge to explain gene expression of observed phenotypes with an underlying regulatory network.
The control of gene expression is a multi-step process that takes place at the epigenetic, transcriptional and translational level and can adapt dynamically to external or internal stimuli.
Gene expression is not only regulated through transcription factors binding at promoter regions, close to the transcriptional start sites: the genome wide chromatin state plays a crucial role in the administration of gene expression, by dynamically changing the accessibility of regulatory regions on the DNA genome wide. Distal regulatory regions (enhancers) can activate transcription even if they locate thousands of bases away from the promoter. One gene can be regulated by multiple enhancers with different spatiotemporal activities, which adds yet another level of complexity to the repertoire of expression levels of a given set of genes.
Consequently, the gene expression of an observed phenotype is to some extent a result of its genome wide chromatin state defining which regions are accessible, ready to be bound by factors that will interact with a set of other proteins to initiate target gene expression.
Nowadays, researchers make use of established experimental techniques followed by genome wide sequencing such as ATAC or ChIP-seq to capture exactly these informations on DNA level. That is a very promising approach as it is possible to capture the whole genomic architecture at once. Another approach is to measure directly the mRNA expression to find important or novel genes or infer which transcriptional activators could have enabled the transcription.
However, making use of the data requires thorough computational processing and analysis: Several preprocessing steps have to be followed to clean up the data and get it into the right shape for the actual inference of important regulatory regions.
Even after preprocessing, the quantification of chromatin state usually requires a sequence of sophisticated and coordinated statistical tools. In the present work, I will outline our approaches in treating genomic and transcriptomic data.
Advisors:Nimwegen, Erik van and Handschin, Christoph
Committee Members:Schuebeler, Dirk
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Computational & Systems Biology > Bioinformatics (van Nimwegen)
UniBasel Contributors:Handschin, Christoph
Item Type:Thesis
Thesis Subtype:Doctoral Thesis
Thesis no:14748
Thesis status:Complete
Number of Pages:iv, 163, 13
Identification Number:
  • urn: urn:nbn:ch:bel-bau-diss147483
edoc DOI:
Last Modified:20 Jul 2022 04:30
Deposited On:19 Jul 2022 15:21

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