Dietary diversity among households living in Kilombero district, in Morogoro region, South-Eastern Tanzania

Elihaika G. Minja, Johnson K. Swai and Winifrida Mponzi, Halfan Ngowo and Fredros Okumu, Markus Gerber and Uwe Pühse, Kurt Z. Long and Jürg Utzinger, Christin Lang and Johanna Beckmann, Marceline Finda. (2021) Dietary diversity among households living in Kilombero district, in Morogoro region, South-Eastern Tanzania. Journal of agriculture and food research, 5. p. 100171.

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Background: Adequate nutrition is essential for good health and active life. However, diets in most low andmiddle-income households lack diversity, especially in settings where people eat predominantly starchy foods. Inthis study, we assessed the associations between socio-economic status and household dietary diversity infamilies living in South-eastern Tanzania.Method: A cross-sectional questionnaire was administered to 925 parents of school children in four wards inSouth-eastern Tanzania, as part of a trial; assessing the effects of physical activity and micronutrient supple-mentation on overall growth, health and well-being of school children. The dietary intake was assessed by 24-hdietary recall and dietary diversity score (DDS) was calculated. Socio-economic status was derived from aweighted score using principal component analysis (PCA). Multinomial logistic regression was used to investigatethe association between dietary diversity and socio-economic status. This baseline data assessment wascompleted in July and August 2019.Results: Cereals, oils and fats were the most consumed food groups, legumes were the most common source ofprotein and fish was the most common animal protein. More than three quarters of the households had mediumdietary diversity (MDD). Higher household education and large farm size were the only factors significantlyassociated with having high dietary diversity.Conclusion: A majority of the households in South-eastern Tanzania have medium dietary diversity, comprised ofcereal, fats and oils and proteins. Having high dietary diversity was associated with higher education and largefarm sizes. Improving community members' knowledge and awareness of nutritional benefits could improve thedietary diversity at household level
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Sport, Bewegung und Gesundheit > Bereich Sportwissenschaft > Sport und psychosoziale Gesundheit (Gerber)
UniBasel Contributors:Gerber, Markus and Beckmann, Johanna and Lang, Christin
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:28 Oct 2022 03:10
Deposited On:12 Mar 2022 13:34

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