Strong spin-orbit interaction and g-factor renormalization of hole spins in Ge/Si nanowire quantum dots

Froning, F. N. M. and Ranvci`c, M. J. and Hetényi, B. and Bosco, S. and Rehmann, M. K. and Li, A. and Bakkers, E. P. A. M. and Zwanenburg, F. A. and Loss, D. and Zumbühl, D. M.. (2021) Strong spin-orbit interaction and g-factor renormalization of hole spins in Ge/Si nanowire quantum dots. Physical Review Research, 3 (1). 013081.

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The spin-orbit interaction lies at the heart of quantum computation with spin qubits, research on topologically nontrivial states, and various applications in spintronics. Hole spins in Ge/Si core/shell nanowires experience a spin-orbit interaction that has been predicted to be both strong and electrically tunable, making them a particularly promising platform for research in these fields. We experimentally determine the strength of spin-orbit interaction of hole spins confined to a double quantum dot in a Ge/Si nanowire by measuring spin-mixing transitions inside a regime of spin-blockaded transport. We find a remarkably short spin-orbit length of similar to 65 nm, comparable to the quantum dot length and the interdot distance. We additionally observe a large orbital effect of the applied magnetic field on the hole states, resulting in a large magnetic field dependence of the spin-mixing transition energies. Strikingly, together with these orbital effects, the strong spin-orbit interaction causes a significant enhancement of the g factor with magnetic field. The large spin-orbit interaction strength demonstrated is consistent with the predicted direct Rashba spin-orbit interaction in this material system and is expected to enable ultrafast Rabi oscillations of spin qubits and efficient qubit-qubit interactions, as well as provide a platform suitable for studying Majorana zero modes.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik > Experimentalphysik Quantenphysik (Zumbühl)
UniBasel Contributors:Zumbühl, Dominik M
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Physical Society
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:12 Apr 2022 09:36
Deposited On:11 Apr 2022 07:58

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