No evidence for genetic sex determination in Daphnia magna

Cornetti, Luca and Ebert, Dieter. (2021) No evidence for genetic sex determination in Daphnia magna. Royal Society open science, 8 (6). p. 202292.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/87051/

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Mechanisms of sex determination (SD) differ widely across the tree of life. In genotypic sex determination (GSD), genetic elements determine whether individuals are male or female, while in environmental sex determination (ESD), external cues control the sex of the offspring. In cyclical parthenogens, females produce mostly asexual daughters, but environmental stimuli such as crowding, temperature or photoperiod may cause them to produce sons. In aphids, sons are induced by ESD, even though GSD is present, with females carrying two X chromosomes and males only one (X0 SD system). By contrast, although ESD exists in; Daphnia; , the two sexes were suggested to be genetically identical, based on a 1972 study on; Daphnia magna; (2n=20) that used three allozyme markers. This study cannot, however, rule out an X0 system, as all three markers may be located on autosomes. Motivated by the life cycle similarities of; Daphnia; and aphids, and the absence of karyotype information for; Daphnia; males, we tested for GSD (homomorphic sex chromosomes and X0) systems in; D. magna; using a whole-genome approach by comparing males and females of three genotypes. Our results confirm the absence of haploid chromosomes or haploid genomic regions in; D. magna; males as well as the absence of sex-linked genomic regions and sex-specific single-nucleotide polymorphisms. Within the limitations of the three studied populations here and the methods used, we suggest that our results make the possibility of genetic differences among sexes in the widely used; Daphnia; model system very unlikely.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Biologie > Evolutionary Biology (Ebert)
UniBasel Contributors:Ebert, Dieter and Cornetti, Luca
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:17 Feb 2022 12:24
Deposited On:17 Feb 2022 12:24

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