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Cue-specific remodeling of the neuronal transcriptome through intron retention programs

Mazille, Maxime and Scheiffele, Peter and Mauger, Oriane. (2021) Cue-specific remodeling of the neuronal transcriptome through intron retention programs. BioRxiv. 2021.10.13.463312.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/86517/

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Abstract

Sub-cellular compartmentalization through the nuclear envelope has for a long time been primarily considered a physical barrier that separates nuclear and cytosolic contents. More recently, nuclear compartmentalization has emerged to harbor key regulatory functions in gene expression. A sizeable proportion of protein-coding mRNAs is more prevalent in the nucleus than in the cytosol reflecting the existence of mechanisms to control mRNA release into the cytosol. However, the biological relevance of the nuclear retention of mRNAs remains unclear. Here, we provide a comprehensive map of the subcellular localization of mRNAs in mature neurons and reveal that transcripts stably retaining introns are broadly targeted for nuclear retention. We systematically probed these transcripts upon neuronal stimulation and found that sub-populations of nuclear-retained transcripts are bi-directionally regulated in response to cues: some appear targeted for degradation while others undergo splicing completion to generate fully mature mRNAs which are exported to the cytosol to increase functional gene expression. Remarkably, different forms of stimulation mobilize distinct groups of intron-retaining transcripts and this selectivity arises from the activation of specific signaling pathways. Overall, our findings uncover cue-specific control of intron retention as a major regulator of acute remodeling of the neuronal transcriptome.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Neurobiology > Cell Biology (Scheiffele)
UniBasel Contributors:Scheiffele, Peter
Item Type:Article
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:03 Mar 2022 10:59
Deposited On:03 Mar 2022 10:59

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