The role of photoperiodism in alpine plant development

Keller, F. and Körner, Christian. (2003) The role of photoperiodism in alpine plant development. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 35 (3). pp. 361-368.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5249104

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Is alpine plant development in spring controlled by photoperiod irrespective of actual temperatures at the time following snowmelt? We investigated phenological responses to day length and temperature in 33 high-elevation species of the Central Alps (2600-3200 m a.s.l.), Austria. Plants were collected in the field in August, potted, and overwintered in a freezer at -1degreesC. Released from dormancy, plants experienced various photoperiods (12, 14.5, 15, and 16 h) and two temperature regimes (6/11degreesC and 8/18degreesC). Day length was extended with tungsten lamps, which do not contribute a significant dose of photosynthetically active photon flux density but provide a day-length signal. Only 23 species produced sufficient flowers to be included in the analysis. Flowering (yes or no) was sensitive to photoperiod in 54 species showed temperature sensitivity at longer photoperiods, whereas at shorter photoperiods, 65 increase in temperature. The number of days between thawing of soil and flowering is sensitive to photoperiod in 46 uniflorum, Elyna myosuroides, Saxifraga oppositifolia, Saxifraga seguieri, and Ranunculus glacialis are insensitive to both photoperiod and temperature and thus flower as soon as released from the snow irrespective of co-occurring light and temperature on of leafing were responsive to photoperiod. These results suggest that about half of the conditions. Specific leaf area and the duration of leafing were responsive to photoperiod and temperature in forbs but not in grasses. These results suggest that about half of the tested alpine species are sensitive to photoperiod and may not be able to fully utilize periods of earlier snowmelt.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Ehemalige Einheiten Umweltwissenschaften > Pflanzenökologie (Körner)
UniBasel Contributors:Körner, Christian
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research [of the] University of Colorado
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:13 Nov 2017 15:46
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:45

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