Spin Projection and Correlation Experiments in Nanoelectronic Devices

Bordoloi, Arunav. Spin Projection and Correlation Experiments in Nanoelectronic Devices. 2021, Doctoral Thesis, University of Basel, Faculty of Science.


Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/84831/

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A key element in quantum computing applications is the ability to measure non-local correlations, known as entanglement, as well as reliably generate them. A naturally occurring source of entangled spin pairs is the superconducting condensate, from which spin singlet Cooper pairs can be split into two QDs on each side of a s-wave superconductor. Such Cooper pair splitter (CPS) devices have already been demonstrated in various systems, such as InAs nanowires (NWs), carbon nanotubes (CNTS) and graphene. A strong charge current correlation between the two output terminals has been demonstrated already, but a spin correlation, as expected for split singlet states, is missing and is even conceptually problematic so far. Such spin correlation measurements, i.e. the expectation value of the product of spin projection operators $\left<\sigma_{1} \otimes \sigma_{2}\right>$ of the two QDs in a CPS device, requires efficient spin readout of the split electrons without destroying the superconducting state of the emitter. The idea is to use the two QDs for spin filtering, achievable by applying locally different magnetic fields. A lower CPS current is then expected for the parallel spin projection axes with respect to the antiparallel ones. In general, the most essential requirements for such an complex experiment can be summarized as: (1) highly polarized QDs with large electrical tunability of the QD spin polarization for efficient spin detection in close proximity to a superconductor; (2) coexistence of superconductivity and locally varying magnetic fields in close proximity to each other, such that the critical field of the superconductor is much higher than the local magnetic field strength; and (3) the CPS current in both QDs should exhibit non-local spin correlations in a specific pattern, i.e. higher for antiparallel spin projection axes.\
In this thesis, we investigate all the above criteria using electron spin transport through engineered QDs in InAs NWs, chosen predominantly due to their large g-factors in QDs. We first show a new approach to control electron spin currents in QDs using stray magnetic fields locally generated from individual nanomagnets. Using this approach, we demonstrate electrically tunable highly efficient spin injection and detection in a double quantum dot spin valve (DQD-SV). We then use this efficient spin detection technique in a Cooper pair splitter device to perform spin readout and filtering of the CPS conductance signal. In addition, electron spin state engineering at very large magnetic fields through the Pauli spin blockade (PSB) effect is also presented.
Advisors:Schönenberger, Christian and Zardo, Ilaria and Schäpers, Thomas and Kontos, Takis and Baumgartner, Andreas
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik > Experimentalphysik Nanoelektronik (Schönenberger)
UniBasel Contributors:Bordoloi, Arunav and Schönenberger, Christian and Zardo, Ilaria and Baumgartner, Andreas
Item Type:Thesis
Thesis Subtype:Doctoral Thesis
Thesis no:14409
Thesis status:Complete
Number of Pages:154
Identification Number:
  • urn: urn:nbn:ch:bel-bau-diss144097
edoc DOI:
Last Modified:29 Oct 2021 04:30
Deposited On:28 Oct 2021 09:20

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