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Sustainability of a school-based health intervention for prevention of non-communicable diseases in marginalised communities: protocol for a mixed-methods cohort study

Arnaiz, Patricia and Adams, Larissa and Müller, Ivan and Gerber, Markus and Walter, Cheryl and du Randt, Rosa and Steinmann, Peter and Bergman, Manfred Max and Seelig, Harald and van Greunen, Darelle and Utzinger, Jürg and Pühse, Uwe. (2021) Sustainability of a school-based health intervention for prevention of non-communicable diseases in marginalised communities: protocol for a mixed-methods cohort study. BMJ Open, 11 (10). e047296.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/84706/

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Abstract

The prevalence of chronic, lifestyle-related diseases is increasing among adults and children from low-income and middle-income countries. Despite the effectiveness of community-based interventions to address this situation, the benefits thereof may disappear in the long term, due to a lack of maintenance, especially among disadvantaged and high-risk populations. The; KaziBantu; randomised controlled trial conducted in 2019 consisted of two school-based health interventions,; KaziKidz; and; KaziHealth; . This study will evaluate the long-term effectiveness and sustainability of these interventions in promoting positive lifestyle changes among children and educators in disadvantaged schools in Nelson Mandela Bay, South Africa, in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.; This study has an observational, longitudinal, mixed-methods design. It will follow up educators and children from the; KaziBantu; study. All 160 educators enrolled in; KaziHealth; will be invited to participate, while the study will focus on 361; KaziKidz; children (aged 10-16 years) identified as having an increased risk for non-communicable diseases. Data collection will take place 1.5 and 2 years postintervention and includes quantitative and qualitative methods, such as anthropometric measurements, clinical assessments, questionnaires, interviews and focus group discussions. Analyses will encompass: prevalence of health parameters; descriptive frequencies of self-reported health behaviours and quality of life; the longitudinal association of these; extent of implementation; personal experiences with the programmes and an impact analysis based on the Reach, Efficacy, Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance framework.; In settings where resources are scarce, sustainable and effective prevention programmes are needed. The purpose of this protocol is to outline the design of a study to evaluate; KaziKidz; and; KaziHealth; under real-world conditions in terms of effectiveness, being long-lasting and becoming institutionalised. We hypothesise that a mixed-methods approach will increase understanding of the interventions' capacity to lead to sustainable favourable health outcomes amid challenging environments, thereby generating evidence for policy.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Sport, Bewegung und Gesundheit > Bereich Sportwissenschaft > Sportwissenschaften (Pühse)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Former Units within Swiss TPH > Health Impact Assessment (Utzinger)
UniBasel Contributors:Arnaiz Jimenez, Patricia and Müller, Ivan and Gerber, Markus and Bergman, Manfred Max and Seelig, Harald and Pühse, Uwe
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group
e-ISSN:2044-6055
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:11 Oct 2021 07:45
Deposited On:11 Oct 2021 07:45

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