Comparison of [; 18; F]FDG PET/CT with magnetic resonance imaging for the assessment of human brown adipose tissue activity

Fischer, Jonas Gabriel William and Maushart, Claudia Irene and Becker, Anton S. and Müller, Julian and Madoerin, Philipp and Chirindel, Alin and Wild, Damian and Ter Voert, Edwin E. G. W. and Bieri, Oliver and Burger, Irene and Betz, Matthias Johannes. (2020) Comparison of [; 18; F]FDG PET/CT with magnetic resonance imaging for the assessment of human brown adipose tissue activity. EJNMMI research, 10 (1). p. 85.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/84544/

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Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is a thermogenic tissue which can generate heat in response to mild cold exposure. As it constitutes a promising target in the fight against obesity, we need reliable techniques to quantify its activity in response to therapeutic interventions. The current standard for the quantification of BAT activity is [; 18; F]FDG PET/CT. Various sequences in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), including those measuring its relative fat content (fat fraction), have been proposed and evaluated in small proof-of-principle studies, showing diverging results. Here, we systematically compare the predictive value of adipose tissue fat fraction measured by MRI to the results of [; 18; F]FDG PET/CT.; We analyzed the diagnostic reliability of MRI measured fat fraction (FF) for the estimation of human BAT activity in two cohorts of healthy volunteers participating in two prospective clinical trials (NCT03189511, NCT03269747). In both cohorts, BAT activity was stimulated by mild cold exposure. In cohort 1, we performed [; 18; F]FDG PET/MRI; in cohort 2, we used [; 18; F]FDG PET/CT followed by MRI. Fat fraction was determined by 2-point Dixon and 6-point Dixon measurement, respectively. Fat fraction values were compared to SUV; mean; in the corresponding tissue depot by simple linear regression.; In total, 33 male participants with a mean age of 23.9 years and a mean BMI of 22.8 kg/m; 2; were recruited. In 32 participants, active BAT was visible. On an intra-individual level, FF was significantly lower in high-SUV areas compared to low-SUV areas (cohort 1: p < 0.0001 and cohort 2: p = 0.0002). The FF of the supraclavicular adipose tissue depot was inversely related to its metabolic activity (SUVmean) in both cohorts (cohort 1: R; 2; = 0.18, p = 0.09 and cohort 2: R; 2; = 0.42, p = 0.009).; MRI FF explains only about 40% of the variation in BAT glucose uptake. Thus, it can currently not be used to substitute [; 18; F] FDG PET-based imaging for quantification of BAT activity.; ClinicalTrials.gov. NCT03189511 , registered on June 17, 2017, actual study start date was on May 31, 2017, retrospectively registered. NCT03269747 , registered on September 01, 2017.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Endokrinologie / Diabetologie
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Endokrinologie / Diabetologie
UniBasel Contributors:Betz, Matthias Johannes Maximilian
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:06 Oct 2021 15:21
Deposited On:06 Oct 2021 15:21

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