The RNA-binding protein Puf5 contributes to buffering of mRNA upon chromatin-mediated changes in nascent transcription

Kochan, David Z. and Mawer, Julia S. P. and Massen, Jennifer and Tishinov, Kiril and Parekh, Swati and Graef, Martin and Spang, Anne and Tessarz, Peter. (2021) The RNA-binding protein Puf5 contributes to buffering of mRNA upon chromatin-mediated changes in nascent transcription. Journal of Cell Science, 134 (15). jcs259051.

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Gene expression involves regulation of chromatin structure and transcription, as well as processing of the transcribed mRNA. While there are feedback mechanisms, it is not clear whether these include crosstalk between chromatin architecture and mRNA decay. To address this, we performed a genome-wide genetic screen using a Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain harbouring the H3K56A mutation, which is known to perturb chromatin structure and nascent transcription. We identified Puf5 (also known as Mpt5) as essential in an H3K56A background. Depletion of Puf5 in this background leads to downregulation of Puf5 targets. We suggest that Puf5 plays a role in post-transcriptional buffering of mRNAs, and support this by transcriptional shutoff experiments in which Puf5 mRNA targets are degraded slower in H3K56A cells compared to wild-type cells. Finally, we show that post-transcriptional buffering of Puf5 targets is widespread and does not occur only in an H3K56A mutant, but also in an H3K4R background, which leads to a global increase in nascent transcription. Our data suggest that Puf5 determines the fate of its mRNA targets in a context-dependent manner acting as an mRNA surveillance hub balancing deregulated nascent transcription to maintain physiological mRNA levels.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Growth & Development > Biochemistry (Spang)
UniBasel Contributors:Spang, Anne
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Company of Biologists
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:08 Sep 2021 15:22
Deposited On:02 Sep 2021 14:27

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