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The effects of acute aerobic exercise on executive function: A systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data

Ishihara, Toru and Drollette, Eric S. and Ludyga, Sebastian and Hillman, Charles H. and Kamijo, Keita. (2021) The effects of acute aerobic exercise on executive function: A systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data. Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews, 128. pp. 258-269.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/84144/

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Abstract

An increasing number of studies has focused on the after-effects of acute aerobic exercise on executive function. To date, empirical evidence lacks consensus regarding whether acute aerobic exercise has beneficial effects on executive function. To identify possible sources of this discrepancy, the present study focused on executive function demands and pre-test cognitive performance, and performed the first meta-analysis of individual participant data (IPD meta-analysis) in this area of research. Results indicated that the beneficial after-effects of acute aerobic exercise on cognitive performance were greater in participants with lower cognitive performance at pre-test. Acute aerobic exercise offered general benefits to cognitive performance irrespective of executive function demands, when pre-test cognitive performance was appropriately controlled. Thus, the present IPD meta-analysis suggests that pre-test cognitive performance is one possible source of the conflicting findings in acute exercise studies. Future research is encouraged to consider pre-test cognitive performance to avoid underestimating the beneficial after-effects of acute exercise.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Sport, Bewegung und Gesundheit > Bereich Sportwissenschaft > Sportwissenschaften (P├╝hse)
UniBasel Contributors:Ludyga, Sebastian
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0149-7634
e-ISSN:1873-7528
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:06 Sep 2021 09:40
Deposited On:06 Sep 2021 09:40

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