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Isomeric 4,2′:6′,4″- and 3,2′:6′,3″-Terpyridines with Isomeric 4′-Trifluoromethylphenyl Substituents: Effects on the Assembly of Coordination Polymers with [Cu(hfacac)2] (Hhfacac = Hexafluoropentane-2,4-dione)

Manfroni, Giacomo and Capomolla, Simona S. and Prescimone, Alessandro and Constable, Edwin C. and Housecroft, Catherine E.. (2021) Isomeric 4,2′:6′,4″- and 3,2′:6′,3″-Terpyridines with Isomeric 4′-Trifluoromethylphenyl Substituents: Effects on the Assembly of Coordination Polymers with [Cu(hfacac)2] (Hhfacac = Hexafluoropentane-2,4-dione). Inorganics, 9 (7). p. 54.

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Abstract

The isomers 4′-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-4,2′:6′,4″-terpyridine (1), 4′-(3-(trifluoromethyl) phenyl)-4,2′:6′,4″-terpyridine (2), 4′-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-3,2′:6′,3″-terpyridine (3), and 4′-(3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-3,2′:6′,3″-terpyridine (4) have been prepared and characterized. The single crystal structures of 1 and 2 were determined. The 1D-polymers [Cu2(hfacac)4(1)2]n.2nC6H4Cl2 (Hhfacac = 1,1,1,5,5,5-hexafluoropentane-2,4-dione), [Cu(hfacac)2(2)]n.2nC6H5Me, [Cu2(hfacac) 4(3)2]n.nC6H4Cl2, [Cu2(hfacac)4(3)2]n.nC6H5Cl, and [Cu(hfacac)2(4)]n.nC6H5Cl have been formed by reactions of 1, 2, 3 and 4 with [Cu(hfacac)2].H2O under conditions of crystal growth by layering and four of these coordination polymers have been formed on a preparative scale. [Cu2(hfacac) 4(1)2]n.2nC6H4Cl2 and [Cu(hfacac)2(2)]n.2nC6H5Me are zig-zag chains and the different substitution position of the CF3 group in 1 and 2 does not affect this motif. Packing of the polymer chains is governed mainly by C-F...F-C contacts, and there are no inter-polymer π-stacking interactions. The conformation of the 3,2′:6′,3″-tpy unit in [Cu2(hfacac)4(3)2]n.nC6H4Cl2 and [Cu(hfacac)2(4)]n.nC6H5Cl differs, leading to different structural motifs in the 1D-polymer backbones. In [Cu(hfacac) 2(4)]n.nC6H5Cl, the peripheral 3-CF3C6H4 unit is accommodated in a pocket between two {Cu(hfacac) 2} units and engages in four C-Hphenyl...F-Chfacac contacts which lock the phenylpyridine unit in a near planar conformation. In [Cu2(hfacac)4(3)2]n.nC6H4Cl2 and [Cu(hfacac)2(4)]n.nC6H5Cl, π-stacking interactions between 4′-trifluoromethylphenyl-3,2′:6′,3″-tpy domains are key packing interactions, and this contrasts with the packing of polymers incorporating 1 and 2. We use powder X-ray diffraction to demonstrate that the assemblies of the coordination polymers are reproducible, and that a switch from a 4,2′:6′,4″- to 3,2′:6′,3″-tpy metal-binding unit is accompanied by a change from dominant C-F...F-C and C-F...H-C contacts to π-stacking of arene domains between ligands 3 or 4.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie > Chemie > Anorganische Chemie (Constable)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie > Chemie > Anorganische Chemie (Housecroft)
UniBasel Contributors:Housecroft, Catherine Elizabeth and Constable, Edwin Charles and Manfroni, Giacomo and Capomolla, Simona and Prescimone, Alessandro
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:MDPI
e-ISSN:2304-6740
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
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Last Modified:13 Jul 2021 09:08
Deposited On:13 Jul 2021 09:08

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