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Associations Between Household Socioeconomic Status, Car Ownership, Physical Activity, and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in South African Primary Schoolchildren Living in Marginalized Communities

Gerber, Markus and Lang, Christin and Beckmann, Johanna and Degen, Jan and du Randt, Rosa and Gall, Stefanie and Long, Kurt Z. and Müller, Ivan and Nienaber, Madeleine and Steinmann, Peter and Pühse, Uwe and Utzinger, Jürg and Nqweniso, Siphesihle and Walter, Cheryl. (2021) Associations Between Household Socioeconomic Status, Car Ownership, Physical Activity, and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in South African Primary Schoolchildren Living in Marginalized Communities. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 18 (8). pp. 883-894.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/83925/

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Abstract

Little is known whether physical activity (PA)-promoting environments are equally accessible to children with divergent socioeconomic status (SES) in low-/middle-income countries. The authors, therefore, examined whether South African children from poorer versus wealthier families living in marginalized communities differed in moderate to vigorous PA and cardiorespiratory fitness. We also tested associations between family car ownership and PA/cardiorespiratory fitness.; Parents/guardians of 908 children (49% girls, mean age = 8.3 [1.4] y) completed a survey on household SES. PA was assessed via 7-day accelerometry, parental and child self-reports, and cardiorespiratory fitness with the 20-m shuttle run test.; Based on accelerometry, most children met current moderate to vigorous PA recommendations (≥60 min/d). About 73% of the children did not engage in structured physical education lessons. Whereas children of the lowest SES quintile accumulated higher levels of device-based moderate to vigorous PA, peers from the highest SES quintile engaged in more sedentary behaviors, but self-reported higher engagement in sports, dance, and moving games after school. Families' car ownership was associated with higher parent/self-reported leisure-time PA.; A deeper understanding is needed about why wealthier children are more sedentary, but simultaneously engage in more leisure-time PA. The fact that access to structural physical education is denied to most children is critical and needs to be addressed.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Sport, Bewegung und Gesundheit > Bereich Sportwissenschaft > Sport und psychosoziale Gesundheit (Gerber)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Sport, Bewegung und Gesundheit > Bereich Sportwissenschaft > Sportwissenschaften (Pühse)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Former Units within Swiss TPH > Health Impact Assessment (Utzinger)
UniBasel Contributors:Gerber, Markus and Lang, Christin and Beckmann, Johanna and Degen, Jan and Gall, Stefanie and Müller, Iwan Martin and Steinmann, Peter and Pühse, Uwe and Utzinger, Jürg
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Human Kinetics
ISSN:1543-3080
e-ISSN:1543-5474
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:31 Aug 2021 10:56
Deposited On:31 Aug 2021 10:56

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