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Social anxiety disorder and the risk of depression : a prospective community study of adolescents and young adults

Stein, M. B. and Fuetsch, M. and Müller, N. and Höfler, M. and Lieb, R. and Wittchen, H.-U.. (2001) Social anxiety disorder and the risk of depression : a prospective community study of adolescents and young adults. Archives of general psychiatry, Vol. 58, H. 3. pp. 251-256.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5253540

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Abstract

Background: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) (also known as "social phobia") is frequently comorbid with major depression, and in such cases, almost always precedes it. This has led to interest in SAD as a possible modifier of the risk and/or course of mood disorders. Methods: Data come from a prospective, longitudinal epidemiologic study of adolescents and young adults (aged 14-24 years) in Munich, Germany. Respondent diagnoses (N = 2548) at baseline and follow-up (31-50 months later) are considered. The influence of SAD at baseline on the risk, course, and characteristics of depressive disorders tie, major depression or dysthymia) at follow-up is examined. Results: The baseline prevalence of SAD was 7.2% (95% confidence interval ICI], 6.1%-8.4%). Social anxiety disorder in nondepressed persons at baseline was associated with an increased likelihood (odds ratio [OR] = 3.5; 95% CI, 2.0-6.0) of depressive disorder onset during the follow-up period. Furthermore, comorbid SAD and depressive disorder at baseline was associated with a worse prognosis (compared with depressive disorder without comorbid SAD at baseline). This is exemplified by the greater likelihood of depressive disorder persistence or recurrence (OR= 2.3; 95% CI, 1.2-4.6) and attempted suicide (OR = 6.1; 95% CI, 1.2-32.2). Conclusions: Social anxiety disorder during adolescence or young adulthood is an important predictor of subsequent depressive disorders. Moreover, the presence of comorbid SAD in adolescents who are already depressed is associated with a more malignant course and character of subsequent depressive illness. These findings may inform targeted intervention efforts.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Klinische Psychologie und Neurowissenschaften > Klinische Psychologie und Epidemiologie (Lieb)
UniBasel Contributors:Lieb, Roselind
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:American Medical Association
ISSN:0003-990X
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:25
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:43

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