Wie Kinder Handlungen vorhersagen und erklären : kognitive Anforderungen praktischer Schlüsse

Wichman, S. and Opwis, K. and Spada, H.. (1996) Wie Kinder Handlungen vorhersagen und erklären : kognitive Anforderungen praktischer Schlüsse. Zeitschrift für Entwicklungspsychologie und pädagogische Psychologie, Jg. 28. pp. 91-107.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5252650

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In everyday life other persons' actions are often predicted and explained by performing practical inferences. A person acts the way she does because she wants to achieving a specific goal and because she believes that her action is an appropriate means of achieving her goal. In the first parr of this study the representational and operational demands underlying practical inferences are analyzed, As a result three specific hypotheses are derived: (1) The explanation of a person's action whose intention depends on the action of another person is more difficult to derive than the prediction of the same action. (2) The ability to draw practical inferences increases with age. (3) A reduction of operational demands by providing external cues of critical information leads to a much better performance regardless of age. All three hypotheses can be empirically confirmed in an experimental study conducted with 60 six- to ten-year old children.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Persönlichkeits- und Entwicklungspsychologie > Allgemeine Psychologie und Methodologie (Opwis)
UniBasel Contributors:Opwis, Klaus
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Hogrefe Verlag für Psychologie
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:25
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:43

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