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Carbon fluxes to the soil in a mature temperate forest assessed by C-13 isotope tracing

Steinmann, K. T. W. and Siegwolf, Rolf and Saurer, Matthias and Körner, Christian. (2004) Carbon fluxes to the soil in a mature temperate forest assessed by C-13 isotope tracing. Oecologia, Vol. 141, H. 3. pp. 489-501.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5249081

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Abstract

Photosynthetic carbon uptake and respiratory C release from soil are major components of the global carbon balance. The use of C-13 depleted CO2 (delta(13)C = -30 mature deciduous forest permitted us to trace the carbon transfer from tree crowns to the rhizosphere of 100-120 years old trees. During the first season of CO2 enrichment the CO2 released from soil originated substantially from concurrent assimilation. The small contribution of recent carbon in fine roots suggests a much slower fine root turnover than is often assumed. C-13 abundance in soil air correlated best with temperature data taken from 4 to 10 days before air sampling time and is thus rapidly available for root and rhizosphere respiration. The spatial variability of delta(13)C in soil air showed relationships to above ground tree types such as conifers versus broad-leaved trees. Considering the complexity and strong overlap of roots from different individuals in a forest, this finding opens an exciting new possibility of associating respiration with different species. What might be seen as signal noise does in fact contain valuable information on the spatial heterogeneity of tree-soil interaction.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Ehemalige Einheiten Umweltwissenschaften > Pflanzenökologie (Körner)
UniBasel Contributors:Körner, Christian
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0029-8549
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:25
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:43

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