Recurrent brief depressive disorder reinvestigated : a community sample of adolescents and young adults

Pezawas, L. and Wittchen, H.-U. and Pfister, H. and Angst, J. and Lieb, R. and Kasper, S.. (2003) Recurrent brief depressive disorder reinvestigated : a community sample of adolescents and young adults. Psychological medicine, Vol. 33, H. 3. pp. 407-418.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5253439

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Background. This article presents prospective lower bound estimations of findings on prevalence, incidence, clinical correlates, severity markers, co-morbidity and course stability of threshold and subthreshold recurrent brief depressive disorder (RBD) and other mood disorders in a community sample of 3021 adolescents. Method. Data were collected at baseline (age 14-17) and at two follow-up interviews within an assessment was based on the Munich Composite observation period of 42 months. Diagnostic International Diagnostic Interview (M-CIDI). Results. Our data suggest that RBD is a prevalent (2(.)6%) clinical condition among depressive disorders (21(.)3 %) being at least as prevalent as dysthymia (2(.)3 %) in young adults over lifetime. Furthermore, RBD is associated with significant clinical impairment sharing many features with major depressive disorder (MDD). Suicide attempts were reported in 7(.)8 % of RBD patients, which was similar to MDD (11(.)9 %). However, other features, like gender distribution or co-morbidity patterns, differ essentially from MDD. Furthermore, the lifetime co-occurrence of MDD and RBD or combined depression represents a severe psychiatric condition. Conclusions. This study provides further independent support for RBD as a clinically significant syndrome that could not be significantly explained as a prodrome or residual of major affective disorders.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Klinische Psychologie und Neurowissenschaften > Klinische Psychologie und Epidemiologie (Lieb)
UniBasel Contributors:Lieb, Roselind
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Cambridge University Press
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:25
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:43

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