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Conduct Disorder and ADHD: Evaluation of Conduct Problems as a Categorical and Quantitative Trait in the International Multicentre ADHD Genetics Study

Anney, Richard J. L. and Lasky-Su, Jessica and O'Dúshláine, Colm and Kenny, Elaine and Neale, Benjamin M. and Mulligan, Aisling and Franke, Barbara and Zhou, Kaixin and Chen, Wai and Christiansen, Hanna and Arias-Vásquez, Alejandro and Banaschewski, Tobias and Buitelaar, Jan and Ebstein, Richard and Miranda, Ana and Mulas, Fernando and Oades, Robert D. and Roeyers, Herbert and Rothenberger, Aribert and Sergeant, Joseph and Sonuga-Barke, Edmund and Steinhausen, Hans and Asherson, Philip and Faraone, Stephen V. and Gill, Michael. (2008) Conduct Disorder and ADHD: Evaluation of Conduct Problems as a Categorical and Quantitative Trait in the International Multicentre ADHD Genetics Study. American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics, 147B (8). pp. 1369-1378.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/82858/

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Abstract

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is typically characterized by inattention, excessive motor activity, impulsivity, and distractibility. Individuals with ADHD have significant impairment in family and peer relations, academic functioning, and show high co-morbidity with a wide range of psychiatric disorders including oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), conduct disorder (CD), anxiety disorder, depression, substance abuse, and pervasive developmental disorder (PDD). Family studies suggest that ADHD + CD represents a specific subtype of the ADHD disorder with familial risk factors only partly overlapping with those of ADHD alone. We performed a hypothesis-free analysis of the GAIN-ADHD sample to identify markers and genes important in the development of conduct problems in a European cohort of individuals with ADHD. Using the Family-Based Association Test (FBAT) package we examined three measures of conduct problems in 1,043,963 autosomal markers. This study is part of a series of exploratory analyses to identify candidate genes that may be important in ADHD and ADHD-related traits, such as conduct problems. We did not find genome-wide statistical significance (P < 5 x 10(-7)) for any of the tested markers and the three conduct problem traits. Fifty-four markers reached strong GWA signals (P < 10(-5)). We discuss these findings in the context of putative candidate genes and the implications of these findings in the understanding of the etiology of ADHD + CD. We aimed to achieve insight into the genetic etiology of a trait using a hypothesis-free study design and were able to identify a number of biologically interesting markers and genes for follow-up studies.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Klinische Psychologie und Neurowissenschaften > Klinische Psychologie und Epidemiologie (Lieb)
UniBasel Contributors:Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:1552-4841
e-ISSN:1552-485X
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:09 Jun 2021 16:05
Deposited On:09 Jun 2021 16:05

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