Where have they been? : service use of regular substance users with and without abuse and dependence

Perkonigg, A. and Settele, A. and Pfister, H. and Höfler, M. and Fröhlich, C. and Zimmermann, P. and Lieb, R. and Wittchen, H.-U.. (2006) Where have they been? : service use of regular substance users with and without abuse and dependence. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology, Vol. 41, H. 6. pp. 470-479.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5253190

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Objective To present lifetime rates of service use for psychological and substance use related problems among regular substance users and to examine factors associated with service use. Method Data come from a prospective-longitudinal, epidemiological study of a community sample of adolescents and young adults (n = 2548, age 14-24 years at baseline) in Munich, Germany. The Munich-Composite International Diagnostic Interview (M-CIDI) was used at baseline and at two follow-ups to assess substance use and service use. Results Cumulated lifetime incidence of any substance abuse or dependence was 43.7%. Of those with abuse and dependence 23% had ever used any services for psychological or substance use related problems. Illicit substance users especially those with dependence had the highest rates of lifetime service use (52.1%). Psychotherapists and counseling services were contacted most frequently among regular substance users over their lifetimes. Utlilisation rates of substance abuse services were low (2%). Comorbid anxiety disorders and distressing life events were associated with increased lifetime service use. Conclusions Only a minority of adolescents and young adults with substance use disorders have ever sought professional help. Specialized substance abuse services play only a minor role. The core role of psychotherapists and non-substance abuse specialized services needs critical research attention. Linkages between psychotherapists and the substance use service system should be strengthened to detect and intervene at early developmental stages of abuse and dependence.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Klinische Psychologie und Neurowissenschaften > Klinische Psychologie und Epidemiologie (Lieb)
UniBasel Contributors:Lieb, Roselind
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:08 Nov 2012 16:16
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:43

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