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A meta-analysis and Systematic Review of the Risks Associated with Childhood Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder on Long-Term Outcome of Arrests, Convictions, and Incarcerations

Mohr-Jensen, Christina and Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph. (2016) A meta-analysis and Systematic Review of the Risks Associated with Childhood Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder on Long-Term Outcome of Arrests, Convictions, and Incarcerations. Clinical Psychology Review, 48. pp. 32-42.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/82755/

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Abstract

The primary aim of this study was to systematically review and estimate the risk of arrests, convictions, and incarcerations associated with childhood Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in long-term outcome studies. In addition, all included studies were qualitatively and systematically reviewed for predictors of long-term crimes. The databases Pubmed, PsycINFO and Embase were searched for all controlled studies that included children and adolescents (age 4-15) with ADHD who had been followed longitudinally and reported the frequency of arrests, convictions or incarcerations based on data from official sources. Using random-effects models, the relative risk (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) was estimated. A total of 15,442 individuals with childhood ADHD from nine unique samples were included. Childhood ADHD was significantly associated with adolescent and adulthood arrests (RR: 2.2, 95% CI: 1.3-3.5), convictions (RR: 3.3, 95% CI: 2.1-5.2) and incarcerations (RR: 2.9, 95% CI: 1.9-4.3). Individuals with ADHD had a younger age at onset of antisocial involvement and an increased risk of criminal recidivism. The most frequently committed criminal offenses were theft, assault, drug- and weapon-related crimes. Early antisocial behavior problems, childhood maltreatment, sex, and IQ were identified as potentially relevant predictors for antisocial outcomes. The findings support a substantial long-term risk associated with ADHD for later antisocial involvement. Early intensive and specifically targeted multimodal intervention including psychosocial, and pharmacological treatment is warranted to alter these negative long-term developmental trajectories.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Klinische Psychologie und Neurowissenschaften > Klinische Psychologie und Epidemiologie (Lieb)
UniBasel Contributors:Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0272-7358
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:05 Jul 2021 15:14
Deposited On:05 Jul 2021 15:14

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