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Umwelt, Morphologie und Wachstumsmuster klonaler Pflanzen : eine Übersicht

Stöcklin, Jürg. (1992) Umwelt, Morphologie und Wachstumsmuster klonaler Pflanzen : eine Übersicht. Botanica Helvetica, 102 (1). pp. 3-21.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5251944

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Abstract

In contrast to most animals plants are characterized by a modular construction and respond to changing environmental conditions either by growth or discarding of parts, both of which involve a change in size and form of the organism. Clonal growth occurs especially frequently in herbaceous perennials and may be characterized by the distinctive ability to spread laterally. Some advantages of clonal growth include the ability: to rapidly colonize open habitats, to preemtively occupy space by forming dense patches, to avoid competition by fugitive growth, and to forage for resources which are heterogeneously distributed. Such tactics depend on the morphology of clonal units and their arrangement in space and time. I identify and discuss five clonal growth strategies considering differences in (1) growth form, (2) the maximal relative growth rate, (3) the degree fo physiological integration, and (4) growth plasticity. Each strategy offers benefits under particular environmental conditions. Therefore different strategies will prevail in different habitats. This is illustrated with examples from alpine communities.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Ehemalige Einheiten Umweltwissenschaften > Pflanzenökologie (Körner)
UniBasel Contributors:Stöcklin, Jürg
Item Type:Article
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Birkhäuser
ISSN:0253-1453
e-ISSN:1420-9063
Note:Note: Englischer Titel: Environment, morphology and growth of clonal plants: an overview -- Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:13 Nov 2017 17:03
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:43

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