The awareness, visibility and support for young carers across Europe: a Delphi study

Nap, Henk Herman and Hoefman, Renske and de Jong, Nynke and Lovink, Lieke and Glimmerveen, Ludo and Lewis, Feylyn and Santini, Sara and D'Amen, Barbara and Socci, Marco and Boccaletti, Licia and Casu, Giulia and Manattini, Alessandra and Brolin, Rosita and Sirk, Karina and Hlebec, Valentina and Rakar, Tatjana and Hudobivnik, Tjasa and Leu, Agnes and Berger, Fabian and Magnusson, Lennart and Hanson, Elizabeth. (2020) The awareness, visibility and support for young carers across Europe: a Delphi study. BMC Health Services Research, 20. p. 921.

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Across Europe, young carers (YCs) and their need for support receive limited attention in the media, policy and empirical research, even though, similar to adult carers, they also provide care to ill family members. The Delphi study, a qualitative research methodology, which provides the focus for this article, had the overall aim of exploring existing successful strategies to support YCs. Compared to YCs, even less is known about adolescent young carers (AYCs), a group that is in a critical life transition phase. The study forms part of an EU Horizon 2020 funded research project on AYCs aged 15-17 years old. Methods A two-round Delphi study was conducted with 66 experts on YCs from 10 European countries. Topics included: (i) visibility and awareness-raising of YCs at local, regional, and national levels, (ii) current interventions to support YCs, and (iii) future strategies to support YCs. Results Experts reported a lack of visibility and awareness about YCs in general, and AYCs in particular. Although awareness is slowly increasing in most countries, with the UK ranked highest, experts acknowledged that it remains challenging to identify YCs in many countries. Furthermore, the level and type of support available for YCs differs, with most countries mainly offering support on a local level. Diverse views were expressed regarding future strategies to support YCs. Experts highlighted the importance of specific legislation to formalise the rights of YCs, and the issue of whether young people should be safeguarded from caregiving or if this should be considered part of regular family life. They also emphasised the relevance of available integrated support services for YCs, including schools, family, health and social care. Conclusions In most European countries, there is a lack of awareness and visibility on YCs. Identification of YCs is a crucial first step and there is need for a common definition of YCs, together with greater opportunities for young adults to identify themselves as YCs.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Public Health > Ehemalige Einheiten Public Health > Medizin- und Gesundheitsethik (Reiter-Theil)
UniBasel Contributors:Leu, Agnes
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:BioMed Central
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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edoc DOI:
Last Modified:31 Mar 2021 15:17
Deposited On:31 Mar 2021 15:17

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