Lung function, obesity and physical fitness in young children: The EXAMIN YOUTH study

Köchli, Sabrina and Endes, Katharina and Bartenstein, Tim and Usemann, Jakob and Schmidt-Trucksäss, Arno and Frey, Urs and Zahner, Lukas and Hanssen, Henner. (2019) Lung function, obesity and physical fitness in young children: The EXAMIN YOUTH study. Respiratory Medicine, 159. p. 105813.

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The prevalence of obesity and physical inactivity in children are increasing globally. The study aimed to investigate the association of obesity and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with patterns of lung function in young children.; In this cross-sectional study, lung function, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure (BP) and CRF (shuttle run stages) were measured in an unselected cohort of 1246 children aged 7.2 ± 0.4 years. All parameters and lung function, such as the ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) to forced vital capacity (FVC), were assessed by standardized procedures for children. Statistical models were applied for systematic adjustment of potential confounders.; Obese children had significantly higher FEV1 (Coef. (95% CI) (1.57 (1.50; 1.64) L) and FVC (1.75 (1.67; 1.83) L) compared to normal weight children (1.38 (1.37; 1.40) L; (1.53 (1.51; 1.54) L, respectively). However, with each unit increase of BMI, FEV1/FVC decreased (-0.003 (-0.005; -0.001)) due to a disproportional increase in FVC compared to FEV1. Per stage increase of CRF, FEV1 (0.017 (0.008; 0.025) L) and FVC increased (0.022 (0.012; 0.031) L)). In obese children, higher CRF was independently associated with higher FEV1/FVC (0.03 (0.5E-4; 0.06)) due to a higher increase of FEV1 over FVC with increasing fitness.; The decrease of FEV1/FVC with increasing BMI suggests that childhood obesity is associated with an imbalance of ventilation and airway flow. In children with obesity, higher CRF is associated with an improved FEV1/FVC ratio. Physical exercise programs may have the potential to improve patterns of lung function in children with obesity.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde (Klinik) > Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde (UKBB) > Pädiatrie (Frey)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde (Klinik) > Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde (UKBB) > Pädiatrie (Frey)
UniBasel Contributors:Frey, Urs Peter and Usemann, Jakob
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:03 Mar 2021 15:31
Deposited On:03 Mar 2021 09:09

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