Tin in granitic melts: the role of melting temperature and protolith composition

Wolf, Mathias and Romer, Rolf L. and Franz, Leander and López-Moro, Javier F.. (2018) Tin in granitic melts: the role of melting temperature and protolith composition. Lithos, 310. pp. 20-30.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/81576/

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Granite bound tin mineralization typically is seen as the result of extreme magmatic fractionation and late exsolution of magmatic fluids.Mineralization, however, also could be obtained at considerably less fractionation if initial melts already had enhanced Sn contents. We present chemical data and results from phase diagram modeling that illustrate the dominant roles of protolith composition, melting conditions, and melt extraction/evolution for the distribution of Sn between melt and restite and, thus, the Sn content of melts. We compare the element partitioning between leucosome and restite of low-temperature and high-temperature migmatites. During low-temperaturemelting, trace elements partition preferentially into the restitewith the possible exception of Sr, Cd, Bi, and Pb, thatmay be enriched in themelt. In high-temperaturemelts, Ga, Y, Cd, Sn, REE, Pb, Bi, and U partition preferentially into the melt whereas Sc, V, Cr, Co, Ni, Mo, and Ba stay in the restite. This contrasting behavior is attributed to the stability of trace element sequestering minerals during melt generation. In particular muscovite, biotite, titanite, and rutile act as host phases for Sn and, therefore prevent Sn enrichment in the melt as long as they are stable phases in the restite. As protolith composition controls both the mineral assemblage and modal contents of the various minerals, protolith composition eventually also controls the fertility of a rock during anatexis, restite mineralogy, and partitioning behavior of trace metals. If a particular trace element is sequestered in a phase that is stable during partialmelting, the resulting melt is depleted in this elementwhereas the restite becomes enriched. Melt generation at high temperaturemay release Snwhen Sn-hosts become unstable. If melt has not been lost before the breakdown of Sn-hosts, Sn contents in the melt will increase but never will be high. In contrast, if melt has been lost before the decomposition of Sn-hosts, the small volume of the high-temperature melt will not be diluted by low-temperature, low-Sn melts and, therefore, could have high Sn-contents. The combination of multiple melt extractions and Sn-mobilization at high temperature results in strong Sn enrichment in late, high-temperature melts. Metal enrichment during partial melting becomes particularly efficient, if the sedimentary protolith had experienced intense chemical alteration as the loss of Na and Ca together with a relative enrichment of K favors muscovite-rich metamorphic mineral assemblages that produce large amounts of melt during muscovite dehydration melting.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Geowissenschaften > Quartärgeologie (Fleitmann)
UniBasel Contributors:Franz, Leander
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:25 Jan 2022 08:09
Deposited On:25 Jan 2022 08:09

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