The heart of China revisited, I. Proterozoic tectonics of the Qin mountains in the core of supercontinent Rodinia

Bader, Thomas and Ratschbacher, Lothar and Franz, Leander and Yang, Zhao and Hofmann, Mandy and Linnemann, Ulf and Yuan, Honglin. (2013) The heart of China revisited, I. Proterozoic tectonics of the Qin mountains in the core of supercontinent Rodinia. Tectonics, 32 (3). pp. 661-687.

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The Qinling-Dabie orogenic collage, central China, constitutes the geographic, geologic, and cultural heart of China; it plays a key role in understanding the amalgamation and breakup of the Rodinia supercontinent and the subduction and exhumation of continental crust under ultrahigh-pressure conditions. Herein, we investigate the Proterozoic evolution of the Qinling-Dabie orogenic collage and surrounding segments of the bounding South China craton (SCC) and North China craton (NCC), employing published and new U/Th-Pb geochronology. The Kongling, Hong`an-Dabie, and Douling-Foping complexes constitute the nucleus of the Yangtze block, recording a common similar to 2.0Ga orogenic event that integrated the Yangtze block into the supercontinent Columbia. The similar to 1.10-0.95Ga Miaowan ophiolite-Shennongjia arc association of the Huangling dome-Shennongjia massif seems to have split and reassembled that nucleus. It formed earlier than or contemporaneously with the Sibao orogeny along the southeastern margin of the Yangtze block. The similar to 0.95-0.80Ga Mian-Lue complex comprises an oceanic accretionary wedge that formed outboard of an associated fore-arc-arc system represented by the Bikou-Hannan-Micangshan massifs along the north(western) margin of the Yangtze block. The Qinling complex, currently sandwiched between the SCC and NCC, lacks pre-Mesoproterozoic cratonal basement, and its igneous rocks intruded a similar to 1.7-1.0Ga old clastic wedge that incorporates meta-basites; it might have been part of the extended passive margin of East Antarctica and/or Australia. Neoproterozoic Qinling-complex magmatism spanned similar to 260 Myr and evolved from partial melting of the thick clastic sequence over an arc to a rift setting; most Qinling-complex paragneisses are erosional products of these igneous rocks. The similar to 1.0-0.85Ga Qinling-complex magmatism formed independently from that along the north(west)ern Yangtze-block margin, but its similar to 0.8-0.7Ga magmatism, peaking at similar to 750Ma, is widespread throughout the Yangtze block; this suggests post-similar to 825Ma accretion of the Qinling complex to the Yangtze block. The Daba and Wudang Shan, Douling, and Hong`an-Dabie areas of the northern Yangtze block are dominated by similar to 0.8-0.6Ga bimodal continental-rift igneous rocks; in accordance with similar ages in the Qinling complex and the entire SCC, continental rifting appears to have been most active at similar to 750Ma. Our Rodinia scenario suggests that the Qinling-Dabie orogenic collage records the final stages of the assemblage of the core of Rodinia, and this was completed not earlier than similar to 825Ma, and its breakup, which was most active at similar to 750Ma.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Ehemalige Einheiten Umweltwissenschaften > Theoretische Petrologie (De Capitani)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Geowissenschaften > Quartärgeologie (Fleitmann)
UniBasel Contributors:Franz, Leander
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Geophysical Union
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:12 Apr 2021 13:47
Deposited On:12 Apr 2021 13:47

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