The role of parental psychopathology and family environment for social phobia in the first three decades of life

Knappe, S. and Lieb, R. and Beesdo, K. and Fehm, L. and Low, N. C. P. and Gloster, A. T. and Wittchen, H.-U.. (2009) The role of parental psychopathology and family environment for social phobia in the first three decades of life. Depression and anxiety, Vol. 26, H. 4. pp. 363-370.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5253160

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Background: To examine the role of parental psychopathology and family environment for the risk of social phobia (SP) in off spring from childhood to early adulthood, encompassing the high risk period for SP Methods: A community sample of 1,395 adolescents was prospectively followed-up over 10 years. Offspring and parental pychopathology were assessed according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV using the Munich Composite International Diagnostic Interview (M-CIDI), and direct diagnostic interviews in parents were supplemented by family history reports. Parental rearing was assessed by the Questionnaire of Recalled Rearing Behavior administered to offspring. Family functioning was assessed by the McMaster Family Assessment Device administered to parents. Results: Parental SP was associated with offspring's risk to develop SP (OR = 3.3, 95% CI 1.4-8.0). Other parental anxiety disorders (OR=2.9, 95% CI: 1.4-6.1), depression (OR=2.6, 95% CI: 1.2-5.4), and alcohol use disorders (OR = 2.8, 95% CI. 1.3-6.1) were also associated with offspring SP Parental rearing styles of overprotection, rejection, and lack of emotional warmth, were associated with offspring SP Family functioning measures were not associated with off spring SP Analyses of interaction of parental psychopathology and parental rearing indicated combined effects oil the risk for offspring SP Conclusions: Parental psychopathology and rearing were associated with offspring SP, independently as well as in their interaction. Further delineation of these associations is warranted as malleable components of these risk factors may provide potential targets for prevention programs. In addition, parent-to-offspring transmission of other internalizing disorders should be considered to examine the degree of diagnostic specificity. Depression and Anxiety 26:363-370, 2009.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Klinische Psychologie und Neurowissenschaften > Klinische Psychologie und Epidemiologie (Lieb)
UniBasel Contributors:Lieb, Roselind and Gloster, Andrew
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:24 May 2013 09:09
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:42

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