Micro-XANES determination of ferric iron and its application in thermobarometry

Schmid, R. and Wilke, M. and Oberhänsli, R. and Janssens, K. and Falkenberg, G. and Franz, L. and Gaab, A.. (2003) Micro-XANES determination of ferric iron and its application in thermobarometry. Lithos, 70 (3-4). pp. 381-392.

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Micro-X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) analysis was employed to determine the content of ferric iron in minerals formed in ultrahigh-pressure (UHP) eclogites. It is observed that omphacite and phengite contain significant amounts of Fe(3+)/Fe(tot) (0.2-0.6), whereas only very low contents are present in garnet (Fe(3+)/Fe(tot) = 0.0-0.03), the latter being consistent with results from stoichiometric charge-balance calculations. Furthermore, considerable variations in the Fe(3+)/Fe(tot) ratios of omphacite and phengite are observed depending on the textural sites and local bulk chemistry (eclogite and calc-silicate matrix) within one thin section. The oxidation state of isofacial minerals is thus likely to depend on the local fluid composition, which, in the studied case, is controlled by calcareous and meta-basic mineral compositions. These first in-situ measurements of ferric iron in an eclogite sample from the Dabie Shan, E China, are used to recalculate geothermobarometric data. Calculations demonstrate that the temperature during UHP metamorphism was as high as 780 degreesC, about 80-100 degreesC higher than previously estimated. Temperatures based on charge balance calculations often give erroneous results. Pressure estimates are in good agreement with former results and confirm metamorphism in the stability field of diamond (43.7 kbar at 750 degreesC). These P-T data result in a geothermal gradient of ca. 6 degreesC/km during UHP metamorphism in the Dabie Shan. However, accounting for ferric iron contents in geothermobarometry creates new difficulties inasmuch as calibrations of geothermometers may not be correctable for Fe(3+) and the actual effect on Mg-Fe(2+) partitioning is unknown. The present study further shows that micro-XANES is a promising technique for the in situ determination of ferric iron contents without destroying the textural context of the sample: a clear advantage compared to bulk methods.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Ehemalige Einheiten Umweltwissenschaften > Theoretische Petrologie (De Capitani)
UniBasel Contributors:Franz, Leander
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:13 Apr 2021 08:42
Deposited On:13 Apr 2021 08:42

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