Core-collapse Supernova Explosions Driven by the Hadron-quark Phase Transition as a Rare r-process Site

Fischer, Tobias and Wu, Meng-Ru and Wehmeyer, Benjamin and Bastian, Niels-Uwe F. and Martinez-Pinedo, Gabriel and Thielemann, Friedrich-Karl. (2020) Core-collapse Supernova Explosions Driven by the Hadron-quark Phase Transition as a Rare r-process Site. Astrophysical Journal, 894 (1). p. 9.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/80978/

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Supernova explosions of massive stars are one of the primary sites for the production of the elements in the universe. Up to now, stars with zero-age main-sequence masses in the range of 35-50 M had mostly represented the failed supernova explosion branch. In contrast, it has been demonstrated recently that the appearance of exotic phases of hot and dense matter, associated with a sufficiently strong phase transition from nuclear matter to the quark-gluon plasma at high baryon density, can trigger supernova explosions of such massive supergiant stars. Here, we present the first results obtained from an extensive nucleosynthesis analysis for material being ejected from the surface of the newly born proto-neutron stars of such supernova explosions. These ejecta contain an early neutron-rich component and a late-time high-entropy neutrino-driven wind. The nucleosynthesis robustly overcomes the production of nuclei associated with the second r-process peak, at nuclear mass number A 130, and proceeds beyond the formation of the third peak (A 195) to the actinides. These yields may account for metal-poor star observations concerning r-process elements such as strontium and europium in the Galaxy at low metallicity, while the actinide yields suggests that this source may be a candidate contributing to the abundances of radioactive Pu-244 measured in deep-sea sediments on Earth.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Former Organization Units Physics > Theoretische Physik Astrophysik (Thielemann)
UniBasel Contributors:Thielemann, Friedrich-Karl
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:IOP Publishing
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:08 Feb 2021 11:14
Deposited On:01 Feb 2021 12:29

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