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Chiral magnonic edge states in ferromagnetic skyrmion crystals controlled by magnetic fields

Díaz, Sebastián A. and Hirosawa, Tomoki and Klinovaja, Jelena and Loss, Daniel. (2020) Chiral magnonic edge states in ferromagnetic skyrmion crystals controlled by magnetic fields. Physical Review Research, 2 (1). 013231.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/80690/

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Abstract

Achieving control over magnon spin currents in insulating magnets, where dissipation due to Joule heating is highly suppressed, is an active area of research that could lead to energy-efficient spintronics applications. However, magnon spin currents supported by conventional systems with uniform magnetic order have proven hard to control. An alternative approach that relies on topologically protected magnonic edge states of spatially periodic magnetic textures has recently emerged. A prime example of such textures is the ferromagnetic skyrmion crystal which hosts chiral edge states providing a platform for magnon spin currents. Here we uncover that an external magnetic field can drive a topological phase transition in the spin-wave spectrum of a ferromagnetic skyrmion crystal. The topological phase transition is signaled by the closing of a low-energy bulk magnon gap at a critical field. In the topological phase, below the critical field, two topologically protected chiral magnonic edge states lie within this gap, but they unravel in the trivial phase, above the critical field. Remarkably, the topological phase transition involves an inversion of two magnon bands that at the Gamma point correspond to the breathing and counterclockwise modes of the skyrmions in the crystal. Our findings suggest that an external magnetic field could be used as a knob to switch on and off magnon spin currents carried by topologically protected chiral magnonic edge states.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik > Theoretical Nano/Quantum Physics (Klinovaja)
UniBasel Contributors:Klinovaja, Jelena
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Physical Society
e-ISSN:2643-1564
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:20 Apr 2021 15:30
Deposited On:20 Apr 2021 15:30

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