Rhizosphere activity in an old-growth forest reacts rapidly to changes in soil moisture and shapes whole-tree carbon allocation

Joseph, Jobin and Gao, Decai and Backes, Bernhard and Bloch, Corinne and Brunner, Ivano and Gleixner, Gerd and Haeni, Matthias and Hartmann, Henrik and Hoch, Günter and Hug, Christian and Kahmen, Ansgar and Lehmann, Marco M. and Li, Mai-He and Luster, Jörg and Peter, Martina and Poll, Christian and Rigling, Andreas and Rissanen, Kaisa A. and Ruehr, Nadine K. and Saurer, Matthias and Schaub, Marcus and Schönbeck, Leonie and Stern, Benjamin and Thomas, Frank M. and Werner, Roland A. and Werner, Willy and Wohlgemuth, Thomas and Hagedorn, Frank and Gessler, Arthur. (2020) Rhizosphere activity in an old-growth forest reacts rapidly to changes in soil moisture and shapes whole-tree carbon allocation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117 (40). pp. 24885-24892.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/80414/

Downloads: Statistics Overview


Drought alters carbon (C) allocation within trees, thereby impairing tree growth. Recovery of root and leaf functioning and prioritized C supply to sink tissues after drought may compensate for drought -induced reduction of assimilation and growth. It remains unclear if C allocation to sink tissues during and following drought is controlled by altered sink metabolic activities or by the availability of new assimilates. Understanding such mechanisms is required to predict forests' resilience to a changing climate. We investigated the impact of drought and drought release on C allocation in a 100-y-old Scots pine forest. We applied (CO2)-C-13 pulse labeling to naturally dry control and long-term irrigated trees and tracked the fate of the label in aboveand belowground C pools and fluxes. Allocation of new assimilates belowground was ca. 53% lower under nonirrigated conditions. A short rainfall event, which led to a temporary increase in the soil water content (SWC) in the topsoil, strongly increased the amounts of C transported belowground in the nonirrigated plots to values comparable to those in the irrigated plots. This switch in allocation patterns was congruent with a tipping point at around 15% SWC in the response of the respiratory activity of soil microbes. These results indicate that the metabolic sink activity in the rhizosphere and its modulation by soil moisture can drive C allocation within adult trees and ecosystems. Even a subtle increase in soil moisture can lead to a rapid recovery of belowground functions that in turn affects the direction of C transport in trees.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Biologie > Physiological Plant Ecology (Kahmen)
UniBasel Contributors:Kahmen, Ansgar and Bloch, Corinne and Hoch, Günter and Schönbeck, Leonie
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:National Academy of Sciences
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:14 Apr 2021 13:26
Deposited On:14 Apr 2021 13:26

Repository Staff Only: item control page