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Influences of Animal-Assisted Therapy on Episodic Memory in Patients with Acquired Brain Injuries

Theis, Felicitas and Luck, Frank and Hund-Georgiadis, Margret and Hediger, Karin. (2020) Influences of Animal-Assisted Therapy on Episodic Memory in Patients with Acquired Brain Injuries. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17 (22). p. 8466.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/80070/

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Abstract

Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) is shown to be an effective method to foster neurorehabilitation. However, no studies investigate long-term effects of AAT in patients with acquired brain injuries. Therefore, the aim of this pilot study was to investigate if and how AAT affects long-term episodic memory using a mixed-method approach. Eight patients rated pictures of therapy sessions with and without animals that they attended two years ago. Wilcoxon tests calculated differences in patients' memory and experienced emotions between therapy sessions with or without animals. We also analyzed interviews of six of these patients with qualitative content analysis according to Mayring. Patients remembered therapy sessions in the presence of an animal significantly better and rated them as more positive compared to standard therapy sessions without animals (Z = -3.21,; p; = 0.002, g = 0.70; Z = -2.75,; p; = 0.006, g = 0.96). Qualitative data analysis resulted in a total of 23 categories. The most frequently addressed categories were "Positive emotions regarding animals" and "Good memory of animals". This pilot study provides first evidence that AAT might enhance episodic memory via positive emotions in patients with acquired brain injury.
Faculties and Departments:04 Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
04 Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Departement Gesellschaftswissenschaften > Fachbereich Gender Studies > Geschlechterforschung (Maihofer)
UniBasel Contributors:Luck, Frank
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:1660-4601
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:11 Jan 2021 09:01
Deposited On:10 Jan 2021 08:55

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