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Who is best to test? A systematic review of chlamydia infections in Switzerland

Haag, Melanie and Zemp, Elisabeth and Hersberger, Kurt E. and Arnet, Isabelle. (2020) Who is best to test? A systematic review of chlamydia infections in Switzerland. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17 (24). p. 9389.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/79981/

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Abstract

In many countries, community pharmacies provide sexual-health-related services to limit the spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including chlamydia testing. To identify suitable target groups for pharmacy-based chlamydia testing in Switzerland, we aimed to assess chlamydia prevalence, identify risk groups, and delineate screening strategies. We conducted a systematic literature search up to December 2019 in PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science, according to the PRISMA guidelines, using as keywords "chlamydia", "screening", and "Switzerland". Two researchers screened the title, abstract, and full-text article and assessed the methodological quality. The literature search generated 108 hits, and nine studies were included. Chlamydia prevalence ranged between 0.8 and 12.8%. Most frequently affected were undocumented women undergoing voluntary termination of pregnancy (12.8%, 95% CI: 8.4-18.9), HIV-positive men who have sex with men (10.9%, 95% CI: 9.2-17.6), and adult offenders (6.5%, 95% CI: 3.2-9.0). Systematic screening was suggested for the first two risk groups and women suffering a miscarriage. To conclude, chlamydia infections are prevalent in Switzerland, but the identified risk groups are difficult to reach for a pharmacy-based testing service. More studies are needed to identify suitable target groups, including customers seeking sexual health services, particularly emergency contraception users who already receive counselling for STIs at community pharmacies.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Ehemalige Einheiten Pharmazie > Pharmaceutical Care (Hersberger)
UniBasel Contributors:Arnet, Isabelle and Haag, Melanie Sophia and Zemp Stutz, Elisabeth and Hersberger, Kurt E.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:MDPI
e-ISSN:1660-4601
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:03 Nov 2021 15:24
Deposited On:03 Nov 2021 15:24

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