Mining at the Fringes. High-Altitude Prehistoric Copper Mining in the Oberhalbstein Valley (Grisons, Switzerland)

Reitmaier-Naef, Leandra and Thomas, Peter and Bucher, Julia and Oberhänsli, Monika and Grutsch, Caroline O. and Martinek, Klaus-Peter and Seifert, Mathias and Rentzel, Philippe and Turck, Rouven and Reitmaier, Thomas and Della Casa, Philippe. (2020) Mining at the Fringes. High-Altitude Prehistoric Copper Mining in the Oberhalbstein Valley (Grisons, Switzerland). Archaeologia Austriaca, 104. pp. 123-151.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/79967/

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The mining region of Oberhalbstein, to date sparsely studied, has been the subject of archaeological research since 2013. Two mining areas which lie well above the forest line were studied in the summer of 2017. The Avagna-Ochsenalp site includes multi-phased heap features, of which the earliest phase has been dendrochronologically dated to the 11th century BC. In Cotschens, mining traces in an area of approximately 0.1 km2 from an unknown time period have been observed. Here, the flooded mine 1 was studied in more detail. After the cavity had been drained, 66 wood objects were revealed, including mining tools from the 1st century BC. 14C dating further confirms Late Bronze Age and Early to Late Iron Age activity. Stone tools from the adjacent heap also confirm prehistoric on-site ore processing, a unique find so far in the Oberhalbstein region.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Ehemalige Einheiten Umweltwissenschaften > Geoarchäologie (Rentzel)
UniBasel Contributors:Rentzel, Philippe
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:06 Jan 2021 09:36
Deposited On:29 Dec 2020 10:36

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