Cardiovascular drug utilization and its determinants in unselected medical patients with ischemic heart disease

Spiess, Andreas and Roos, Malgorzata and Frisullo, Roberto and Stocker, David and Braunschweig, Suzanne and Follath, Ferenc and Meier, Peter J. and Fattinger, Karin. (2002) Cardiovascular drug utilization and its determinants in unselected medical patients with ischemic heart disease. European journal of internal medicine, Vol. 13, H. 1. pp. 57-64.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5261646

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Background: In patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD), secondary preventive drug therapy improves overall prognosis. Therefore, this study evaluated cardiovascular drug utilization in patients suffering from IHD, identified factors influencing drug utilization, and determined the prevalence of shortfalls of antithrombotic, beta-blocker, and lipid-lowering drug use. Methods: This study is based on data recorded prospectively between 1996 and 1998 in two Swiss teaching hospitals for the SAS/CHDM pharmacoepidemiologic database project. Drug utilization was evaluated in all 987 monitored medical inpatients with IHD. Results: At discharge, only 64% of patients with IHD received platelet aggregation inhibitors, 42% beta-blockers, and 26% lipid-lowering drugs. Secondary preventive drugs were more frequently administered to patients with acute myocardial infarction and less frequently in the elderly. After including other co-factors, no gender difference could be detected. Shortfalls of antithrombotic therapy occurred in 6.5--8.3% of patients and shortfalls in beta-blocker use in 9.9--23.3%. Only about half of all patients with IHD and elevated cholesterol received lipid-lowering drugs. Conclusions: Drugs for secondary prevention are prescribed to the majority of patients with IHD. However, their use could be further increased, especially in the elderly and in patients with IHD who are admitted to the hospital for reasons other than acute myocardial infarction. Lipid-lowering drugs should also be prescribed more often for patients with hypercholesterolemia.
Faculties and Departments:11 Rektorat und Verwaltung > Vizerektorat Forschung
UniBasel Contributors:Meier-Abt, Peter J.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:24
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:41

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