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Parental emotional warmth interacts with traumatic life events in predicting the onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder

Hofer, Patrizia D. and Wahl, Karina and Meyer, Andrea H. and Miché, Marcel and Beesdo-Baum, Katja and Lieb, Roselind. (2020) Parental emotional warmth interacts with traumatic life events in predicting the onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders, 26. p. 100531.

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Abstract

Adverse life events increase the risk of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Parental rearing may serve as a protective factor in the face of adversity. We investigated whether parental rearing moderates the association between adverse life events and the subsequent first onset of OCD. A representative sample of individuals (aged 14–24 years) was followed for over 10 years (N = 2210). OCD and any adverse life event, that is, any separation event or any traumatic life event, were assessed using the Munich-Composite International Diagnostic Interview. Parental rearing was assessed by self-report, using the Questionnaire of Recalled Parental Rearing Behavior. Both maternal (risk ratio, RR = 0.08, 95% confidence interval, CI [0.02, 0.31]) and paternal (RR = 0.16, 95% CI [0.03, 0.89]) emotional warmth moderated the association between any adverse life event and OCD. Maternal (RR = 0.16, 95% CI [0.03, 0.77]) and paternal (RR = 0.17, 95% CI [0.04, 0.78]) emotional warmth interacted specifically with any traumatic life event but not with any separation event in predicting OCD. We did not find any interactions with parental overprotection or rejection in predicting OCD. Parental emotional warmth may be a protective factor for OCD among individuals who experience traumatic life events. Future studies should evaluate whether interventions enhancing parental emotional warmth among those who experience traumatic life events can prevent OCD.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Klinische Psychologie und Neurowissenschaften > Klinische Psychologie und Epidemiologie (Lieb)
07 Faculty of Psychology
UniBasel Contributors:Wahl, Karina and Meyer, Andrea Hans
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2211-3649
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
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Last Modified:09 Feb 2021 12:12
Deposited On:28 Dec 2020 10:52

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