Phenobarbital alters hepatic Mrp2 function by direct and indirect interactions

Patel, Nita J. and Zamek-Gliszczynski, Maciej J. and Zhang, Peijin and Han, Yong-Hae and Jansen, Peter L. M. and Meier, Peter J. and Stieger, Bruno and Brouwer, Kim L. R.. (2003) Phenobarbital alters hepatic Mrp2 function by direct and indirect interactions. Molecular pharmacology, Vol. 64, H. 1. pp. 154-159.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5261616

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Phenobarbital (PB) treatment impairs the biliary excretion of some organic anions. One mechanism may involve direct competition for biliary excretion by PB and/or a PB metabolite. Alternatively, PB may alter the expression and/or function of hepatic organic anion transport proteins. The role of multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (Mrp2) in the biliary excretion of PB and metabolites was studied using isolated perfused livers (IPLs) from Wistar and Mrp2-deficient TR- rats. In normal livers, 4.19 +/- 0.53% of the PB dose was recovered in bile as PB metabolites [2.21 +/- 0.69% as 5-ethyl-5-(4-OH phenyl) barbituric acid (PBOH)-glucuronide; 1.98 +/- 0.09% as PBOH-sulfate]. In TR- livers, only PBOH-sulfate was recovered in bile (0.35 +/- 0.16% of dose) during the 2-h perfusion. Mrp2 message was increased (2.3-fold) by PB pretreatment (80 mg/kg i.p. x 4 days) but decreased to control values after a 48-h washout. Mrp2 protein was increased slightly in PB-treated livers and remained slightly elevated after a 24-h washout, but it was decreased significantly to 62 +/-7% of control values after a 48-h washout. The 120-min cumulative biliary excretion of the Mrp2 substrate 5-(and-6)-carboxy-2', 7'-dichlorofluorescein in IPLs from PB-treated rats after a 48-h washout was significantly lower than in vehicle-treated livers (66.3 +/- 9.2% versus 83.4 +/- 2.4% of the dose, respectively). These data support two mechanisms for impaired biliary excretion of some organic anions by PB treatment: 1) PBOH-glucuronide is a substrate for Mrp2 and may compete with other organic anions for biliary excretion and 2) Mrp2 protein expression and functional capacity is decreased 48 h after PB treatment.
Faculties and Departments:11 Rektorat und Verwaltung > Vizerektorat Forschung
UniBasel Contributors:Meier-Abt, Peter J.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Academic Press
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:24
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:41

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