Using pedological knowledge to improve sediment source apportionment in tropical environments

Batista, Pedro V. G. and Laceby, J. Patrick and Silva, Marx L. N. and Tassinari, Diego and Bispo, Diêgo F. A. and Curi, Nilton and Davies, Jessica and Quinton, John N.. (2019) Using pedological knowledge to improve sediment source apportionment in tropical environments. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 19 (9). pp. 3274-3289.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/79591/

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Soils are important regulators of Critical Zone processes that influence the development of geochemical signals used for sediment fingerprinting. In this study, pedological knowledge of tropical soils was incorporated into sediment source stratification and tracer selection in a large Brazilian catchment. In the Ingai River basin (similar to 1200 km(2)), Brazil, three source end-members were defined according to the interpretation of soil and geological maps: the upper, mid, and lower catchment. A tributary sampling design was employed, and sediment geochemistry of three different size fractions was analyzed (2-0.2 mm; 0.2-0.062 mm, and < 0.062 mm). A commonly used statistical methodology to element selection was compared to a knowledge-based approach. The mass balance un-mixing models were solved by a Monte Carlo simulation. Modeled source contributions were evaluated against a set of artificial mixtures with known source proportions. For the coarse fraction (2-0.2 mm), both approaches to element selection yielded high errors compared to the artificial mixtures (23.8% and 17.8% for the statistical and the knowledge-based approach, respectively). The knowledge-based approach provided the lowest errors for the intermediate (0.2-0.062 mm) (10.9%) and fine ( 90%) reaching the catchment outlet were derived from Ustorthents in the lower catchment. The different element selection methods and the artificial mixtures provide multiple lines of evidence for evaluating the fingerprint approaches. Our findings highlight the importance of considering pedogenetic processes in source stratification, and demonstrate that different sampling strategies might be necessary to model specific sediment fractions.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Geowissenschaften
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Geowissenschaften > Umweltgeowissenschaften (Alewell)
UniBasel Contributors:Batista, Pedro
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:16 Dec 2020 15:24
Deposited On:16 Dec 2020 15:24

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