Defining an age cut-off for older offenders: a systematic review of literature

Merkt, Helene and Haesen, Sophie and Meyer, Leila and Kressig, Reto W. and Elger, Bernice S. and Wangmo, Tenzin. (2020) Defining an age cut-off for older offenders: a systematic review of literature. International Journal of Prisoner Health, 16 (2). pp. 95-116.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/79482/

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PurposeIn the literature, 65 years is commonly used as the age to designate an older person in the community. When studying older prisoners, there is much variation. The purpose of this paper is to investigate how researchers define older offenders and for what reasons.Design/methodology/approachThe authors reviewed articles on health and well-being of older offenders to assess terminology used to describe this age group, the chosen age cut-offs distinguishing younger offenders from older offenders, the arguments provided to support this choice as well as the empirical base cited in this context.FindingsThe findings show that the age cut-off of 50 years and the term "older" were most frequently used by researchers in the field. The authors find eight main arguments given to underscore the use of specific age cut-offs delineating older offenders. They outline the reasoning provided for each argument and evaluate it for its use to define older offenders.Originality/valueWith this review, it is hoped to stimulate the much-needed discussion advancing towards a uniform definition of the older offender. Such a uniform definition would make future research more comparable and ensure that there is no ambiguity when researchers state that the study population is "older offenders".
Faculties and Departments:08 Cross-disciplinary Subjects > Ethik > Institut für Bio- und Medizinethik > Bio- und Medizinethik (Elger)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Public Health > Ethik in der Medizin > Bio- und Medizinethik (Elger)
UniBasel Contributors:Seaward, Helene and Elger, Bernice Simone and Wangmo, Tenzin and Kressig, Reto W. and Haesen, Sophie and Meyer, Leila
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Further Journal Contribution
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal item
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Last Modified:23 Feb 2021 10:07
Deposited On:28 Dec 2020 09:52

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