Secular justifications of the world. A neo-Weberian typology of cosmodicies

Schäfer, Robert. (2021) Secular justifications of the world. A neo-Weberian typology of cosmodicies. Social Compass, 68. pp. 81-97.

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This article asks how secular societies cope with suffering and fortune perceived as unjust and undeserved. It investigates secular forms of dealing with the originally religious problem of theodicy. According to Weber's work, Western societies have solved this problem with the meritocratic ideal based on the Calvinist doctrine of predestination, which gave rise to the capitalistic work ethics. Current sociological diagnoses observe a crisis of these ethics, which begs the question of whether this also indicates a crisis of meritocratism. The article addresses this question from the perspective of sociology of religion and translates Weber's typology of religious theodicies into a typology of secular cosmodicies. The typology serves as an analytical tool, allowing for systematic comparisons of justifications in different empirical cases.
Faculties and Departments:04 Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Departement Gesellschaftswissenschaften > Fachbereich Soziologie
UniBasel Contributors:Schäfer, Robert
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:SAGE Publications
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:13 May 2022 11:57
Deposited On:15 Jan 2021 19:54

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