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Fungal-bacterial diversity and microbiome complexity predict ecosystem functioning

Wagg, Cameron and Schlaeppi, Klaus and Banerjee, Samiran and Kuramae, Eiko E. and van der Heijden, Marcel G. A.. (2019) Fungal-bacterial diversity and microbiome complexity predict ecosystem functioning. Nature Communications, 10 (1). p. 4841.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/79161/

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Abstract

The soil microbiome is highly diverse and comprises up to one quarter of Earth's diversity. Yet, how such a diverse and functionally complex microbiome influences ecosystem functioning remains unclear. Here we manipulated the soil microbiome in experimental grassland ecosystems and observed that microbiome diversity and microbial network complexity positively influenced multiple ecosystem functions related to nutrient cycling (e.g. multifunctionality). Grassland microcosms with poorly developed microbial networks and reduced microbial richness had the lowest multifunctionality due to fewer taxa present that support the same function (redundancy) and lower diversity of taxa that support different functions (reduced functional uniqueness). Moreover, different microbial taxa explained different ecosystem functions pointing to the significance of functional diversity in microbial communities. These findings indicate the importance of microbial interactions within and among fungal and bacterial communities for enhancing ecosystem performance and demonstrate that the extinction of complex ecological associations belowground can impair ecosystem functioning.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Biologie > Plant-Microbe Interaction (Schl├Ąppi)
UniBasel Contributors:Schl├Ąppi, Klaus Bernhard
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
e-ISSN:2041-1723
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:13 Nov 2020 08:14
Deposited On:13 Nov 2020 08:14

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