Patched regulates lipid homeostasis by controlling cellular cholesterol levels

Cadena del Castillo, Carla E. and Hannich, J. Thomas and Kaech, Andres and Chiyoda, Hirohisa and Fukuyama, Masamitsu and Færgeman, Nils J. and Riezman, Howard and Spang, Anne. (2019) Patched regulates lipid homeostasis by controlling cellular cholesterol levels.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/78665/

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Hedgehog (Hh) signaling is essential during development and in organ physiology. In the canonical pathway, Hh binding to Patched (PTCH) relieves the inhibition of Smoothened (SMO). Yet, PTCH may also perform SMO-independent functions. While the PTCH homolog PTC-3 is essential in C. elegans, worms lack SMO, providing an excellent model to probe non-canonical PTCH function. Here, we show that PTC-3 is a cholesterol transporter. ptc-3(RNAi) leads to accumulation of intracellular cholesterol and defects in ER structure and lipid droplet formation. These phenotypes were accompanied by a reduction in acyl chain (FA) length and desaturation. ptc-3(RNAi)-induced lethality, fat storage and ER morphology defects were rescued by reducing dietary cholesterol. We provide evidence that cholesterol accumulation modulates the function of nuclear hormone receptors such as of the PPARa homolog NHR-49 and NHR-181, and affects FA composition. Our data uncover a novel role for PTCH in organelle structure maintenance and fat metabolism.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Growth & Development > Biochemistry (Spang)
UniBasel Contributors:Spang, Anne
Item Type:Working Paper
Number of Pages:44
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Discussion paper / Internet publication
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Last Modified:28 Sep 2020 13:35
Deposited On:28 Sep 2020 13:26

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