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Level-set percolation of the Gaussian free field on regular graphs II: Finite expanders

Abächerli, Angelo and Černý, Jiří. (2019) Level-set percolation of the Gaussian free field on regular graphs II: Finite expanders. Preprints Fachbereich Mathematik, 2019 (15).

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Abstract

We consider the zero-average Gaussian free field on a certain class of finite $d$-regular graphs for fixed $d\geq 3$. This class includes $d$-regular expanders of large girth and typical realisations of random $d$-regular graphs. We show that the level set of the zero-average Gaussian free field above level $h$ exhibits a phase transition at level $h_\star$, which agrees with the critical value for level-set percolation of the Gaussian free field on the infinite $d$-regular tree. More precisely, we show that, with probability tending to one as the size of the finite graphs tends to infinity, the level set above level $h$ does not contain any connected component of larger than logarithmic size whenever $h>h_\star$, and on the contrary, whenever $h<h_\star$, a linear fraction of the vertices is contained in connected components of the level set above level $h$ having a size of at least a small fractional power of the total size of the graph. It remains open whether in the supercritical phase $h<h_\star$, as the size of the graphs tends to infinity, one observes the emergence of a (potentially unique) giant connected component of the level set above level $h$. The proofs in this article make use of results from the accompanying paper [AC1].
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Mathematik und Informatik > Mathematik > Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie (Cerny)
12 Special Collections > Preprints Fachbereich Mathematik
UniBasel Contributors:Černý, Jiří
Item Type:Preprint
Publisher:Universität Basel
Language:English
Last Modified:07 Aug 2020 10:37
Deposited On:07 Aug 2020 10:37

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