Burden of rabies in Mali

Keita, Zakaria and Gerber, Felix and Lechenne, Monique and Thiero, Oumar and Hattendorf, Jan and Zinsstag, Jakob and Traoré, Abdallah and Traoré, Abdel Kader. (2020) Burden of rabies in Mali. Acta tropica, 210. p. 105389.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/77506/

Abstract

Rabies is the most dreaded neglected zoonosis worldwide. It affects mostly developing countries with limited access to post-exposure prophylaxis and a low coverage of dog vaccination.; This study estimates the burden of human rabies in Mali from the extrapolation of animal bite surveillance, mostly dogs, in the region of Sikasso and the District of Bamako in 2016 and 2017.; Monte Carlo simulations of a series of interconnected probabilities were used to estimate the burden of rabies. The data was collected from cross-sectional surveys of 8775 households of which 4172 were in the District of Bamako and 4603 in the region of Sikasso. Further data was collected in health centres and from the respective veterinary services.; We estimate that in the year 2016 133 [95% Confidence Interval (95%CI) 87-186] people died and that 5'366 [95%CI 3'510-7'504] years of life (YLL) were lost and in 2017 et 136 [95%CI 96-181] people died and that 5530 [IC 95% 3'913-7'377] YLLs were lost. The loss of income was estimated at 3.2 million USD [95%CI 2,1-4,5] en 2016, and 3,3 million USD [95%CI 2,3-4,4] in 2017. This represents the highest financial loss from rabies, followed by the cost of postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) of 86'848 $USD and 89'371$ USD respectively. From the whole cost of rabies in Mali, 92% of the cost in 2016 and 94% of those in 2017 were attributable to premature mortality and the cost of help seeking. The proportion of cost of PEP was 3% in 2016 and 2017 of the total cost of disease. The cost related to dog vaccination changed from 3% to 1% in the same time period.; This study shows that despite the possibility of preventing human rabies by PEP, its burden remains important in Malian communities. Rabies control by mass vaccination of dogs is hardly done and access to PEP is difficult. However, Rabies elimination by mass vaccination of dogs has been demonstrated to be feasible. Hence a coordinated regional effort between countries by funding dog mass vaccination and full access to PEP can eliminate rabies in West Africa.
Faculties and Departments: 09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Human and Animal Health > One Health (Zinsstag) Gerber, Felix and Léchenne, Monique and Hattendorf, Jan and Zinsstag, Jakob Z Article, refereed Research Article Elsevier Science Publ. 0001-706X Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article doi: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2020.105389pmid: 32473118 23 Jun 2020 07:28 23 Jun 2020 07:28

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